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Hyperleukocytosis is defined as peripheral blood leukocyte count exceeding 100,000/mm(3). Acute leukemia is the most common etiology in pediatric practice. Hyperleukocytosis is a medical emergency. The increased blood viscosity, secondary to high white cell count and leukocyte aggregates, results in stasis in the smaller blood vessels. This predisposes to(More)
A child suffering from acute lymphoblastic leukemia on treatment with exclusive chemotherapy presented with vision-threatening cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis in 1 eye. Prompt diagnosis and treatment with 3 weekly doses of 2 mg/0.1 mL intravitreal ganciclovir resulted in successful healing of CMV retinitis with restoration of visual acuity. In children with(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the clinical characteristics and outcome of Indian children infected with 2009 H1N1 influenza virus. STUDY DESIGN Retrospective chart review. SETTING Outpatient department and hospitalized patients in a tertiary care hospital. METHODS Clinical details of 85 children (positive for the 2009 H1N1 virus infection tested by real time(More)
Blood component therapy is a very common intervention practiced in newborns; nearly 85% of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) babies get transfusions during their hospital stay. However, there are no set guidelines for transfusion of blood component therapy in newborns. This protocol includes available types of blood components, their methods of preparation,(More)
BACKGROUND Aromatase deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in the CYP19A1 gene and characterized by lack of conversion of androgens to estrogens. It presents with virilization of pregnant mothers during the antenatal period, and virilization of female fetuses at birth. Affected subjects of either gender later manifest with(More)
The ability to safely and effectively transfer gene into cells is the fundamental goal of gene delivery. In spite of the best efforts of researchers around the world, gene therapy has limited success. This may be because of several limitations of delivering gene which is one of the greatest technical challenges in the modern medicine. To address these(More)
Superior mediastinal syndrome (SMS) is an uncommon manifestation of malignant neoplastic disease in children. The commonest neoplastic cause of SMS is Non Hodgkin lymphoma. Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) as a cause of SMS is extremely uncommon in childhood. The authors hereby report a case of a child with AML who presented with SMS at their hospital. This(More)
Kluver-Bucy syndrome is a rare amalgamation of neurobehavioural signs and symptoms seen infrequently in humans following insult to bilateral temporal lobes. This report presents a case which along with emerging symptoms of Kluver-Bucy syndrome, developed Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) consequent to viral encephalitis. The case highlights(More)
Negative pressure pulmonary oedema (NPPO) is a life threatening condition, manifested due to upper airway obstruction in a spontaneously breathing patient. Upper airway obstruction caused by classic laryngeal mask airway (cLMA) and ProSeal laryngeal mask airway (PLMA) has been reported, and NPPO has also been reported following the use of cLMA. Search of(More)