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The activity of ivermectin against common nematode parasites of sheep was examined in 2 experiments. In the 1st experiment, 14 sheep with naturally acquired infections were assigned to 2 groups of 7 sheep each. Sheep in 1 group were treated with 200 micrograms of ivermectin/kg of body weight and the remainder served as nontreated controls. In the 2nd(More)
Mucosal mast-cell hyperplasia is frequently observed in intestinal nematode infections and it has been suggested that mast-cell responses to parasite antigens are involved in worm expulsion (self cure). To evaluate the importance of this mechanism, the course of infection and expulsion of Nippostrongylus brasiliensis was compared in mast-cell deficient W/WV(More)
Mixed breed goats were infected with metacercariae of Fasciola hepatica and the resulting worm burdens were quantitated after primary and secondary exposure of the goats to the parasite. Mean length and width of the parasite recovered after all primary exposures were 1.91 +/- 0.2 cm and 0.91 +/- 0.2 cm, respectively. A mean of 71.8 +/- 5.9% of the flukes(More)
An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was evaluated for diagnosis of Fasciola hepatica infections in sheep maintained under isolation and drylot conditions. Sheep were exposed to various numbers (100 to 500) of metacercariae, and blood was collected for assay at regular intervals thereafter. The ELISA values of controls were low and varied little.(More)
An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was investigated for the diagnosis of Fasciola hepatica infection in cattle. Studies included examination of 4 antigen preparations: freshly collected fluke antigen (FFA), dead fluke antigen (DFA), lyophilized fluke antigen (LFA), and partially purified antigen (PPA) for activity and use of an ELISA with FFA and(More)
Lasalocid and monensin were incorporated into pelleted feed and evaluated as anticoccidials in confinement-reared lambs from weaning to market weight. A total of 69 lambs were allotted to 3 equal groups that received unmedicated feed (100 mg/kg of food) or monensin-medicated feed (17 to 33 mg/kg). Each lamb was inoculated orally with a suspension of 24,000(More)
Sera from 100 herds of cattle located in the state of Washington were examined with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for antibody to Fasciola hepatica in a screening procedure that included 5 to 10 samples/herd. Twenty-eight herds contained infected cattle and F hepatica was most prevalent in 3 distinct geographic areas. Subsequent retesting of all sera(More)
Twenty coccidia-free Holstein bull calves were allotted to groups to study effects of treatment with lasalocid and decoquinate on subsequent resistance to coccidiosis (Eimeria spp infections). Calves fed medicated rations of either drug at dosages of 50 mg/kg of feed (approx 1.2 mg/kg of body weight) had significantly fewer oocysts (P less than 0.01) than(More)