Riccardo Rosati

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We propose a new family of description logics (DLs), called DL-Lite, specifically tailored to capture basic ontology languages, while keeping low complexity of reasoning. Reasoning here means not only computing subsumption between concepts and checking satisfiability of the whole knowledge base, but also answering complex queries (in particular, unions of(More)
Many organizations nowadays face the problem of accessing existing data sources by means of flexible mechanisms that are both powerful and efficient. Ontologies are widely considered as a suitable formal tool for sophisticated data access. The ontology expresses the domain of interest of the information system at a high level of abstraction, and the(More)
In this paper we study data complexity of answering conjunctive queries over DL knowledge bases constituted by an ABox and a TBox. In particular, we characterize the LogSpace boundary (over the data) of the problem. This boundary is particularly meaningful because, when we go above it, query answering is not expressible as a first-order logic formula (and(More)
We propose a new Description Logic, called DL-Lite, specifically tailored to capture basic ontology languages, while keeping low complexity of reasoning. Reasoning here means not only computing subsumption between concepts, and checking satisfiability of the whole knowledge base, but also answering complex queries (in particular, conjunctive queries) over(More)
Description logics (DLs) and rules are formalisms that emphasize different aspects of knowledge representation: whereas DLs are focused on specifying and reasoning about conceptual knowledge, rules are focused on nonmonotonic inference. Many applications, however, require features of both DLs and rules. Developing a formalism that integrates DLs and rules(More)
It is well-known that inconsistency causes severe problems in classical logic. In particular, since an inconsistent logical theory has no model, it logically implies every formula, and, therefore, query answering on an inconsistent knowledge base becomes meaningless. In this paper, we address the problem of dealing with inconsistencies in Description Logic(More)
Ontologies provide a conceptualization of a domain of interest. Nowadays, they are typically represented in terms of Description Logics (DLs), and are seen as the key technology used to describe the semantics of information at various sites. The idea of using ontologies as a conceptual view over data repositories is becoming more and more popular, but for(More)
Integrating description logics (DL) and logic programming (LP) would produce a very powerful and useful formalism. However, DLs and LP are based on quite different principles, so achieving a seamless integration is not trivial. In this paper, we introduce hybrid MKNF knowledge bases that faithfully integrate DLs with LP using the logic of Minimal Knowledge(More)