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In previously published work, we identified three Mycobacterium tuberculosis sigma (sigma) factor genes responding to heat shock (sigB, sigE and sigH). Two of them (sigB and sigE) also responded to SDS exposure. As these responses to stress suggested that the sigma factors encoded by these genes could be involved in pathogenicity, we are studying their role(More)
The nucleotide sequence of comC, the gene encoding the 17-residue competence-stimulating peptide (CSP) of Streptococcus pneumoniae (L. S. Havarstein, G. Coomaraswamy, and D. A. Morrison, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 92:11140-11144, 1995) was determined with 42 encapsulated strains of different serotypes. A new allele, comC2, was found in 13 strains, including(More)
The ability of Mycobacterium tuberculosis to adapt to different environments in the infected host is essential for its pathogenicity. Consequently, this organism must be able to modulate gene expression to respond to the changing conditions it encounters during infection. In this paper we begin a comprehensive study of M. tuberculosis gene regulation,(More)
Phospholipases C play a role in the pathogenesis of several bacteria. Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the causative agent of tuberculosis, possesses four genes encoding putative phospholipases C, plcA, plcB, plcC and plcD. However, the contribution of these genes to virulence is unknown. We constructed four single mutants of M. tuberculosis each inactivated in(More)
We have developed a system in which a foreign antigen replaces nearly all of the surface-exposed region of the fibrillar M protein from Streptococcus pyogenes and is fused to the C-terminal attachment motif of the M molecule. The fusion protein is thus expressed on the surface of Streptococcus gordonii, a commensal organism of the oral cavity. The antigen(More)
The proteins belonging to the Fur family are global regulators of gene expression involved in the response to several environmental stresses and to the maintenance of divalent cation homeostasis. The Mycobacterium tuberculosis genome encodes two Fur-like proteins, FurA and a protein formerly annotated FurB. Since in this paper we show that it represents a(More)
Recently, a novel type of secretory pathway, type VII secretion systems (T7SSs), has been characterized in mycobacteria. The chromosomes of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium bovis encode five T7SSs (ESX-1 to ESX-5). The best characterized of them, ESX-1, is involved in host-pathogen interactions, and its deletion is one of the main causes of M.(More)
We investigated a multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii outbreak in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of a tertiary care hospital in Greece over a 3-month period. Molecular typing of the outbreak isolates from 31 patients revealed that two distinct genotypes were involved. Nine isolates, belonging to both genotypes, were resistant to carbapenems. Samples(More)
The PE family of Mycobacterium tuberculosis includes 98 proteins which share a highly homologous N-terminus sequence of about 110 amino acids (PE domain). Depending on the C-terminal domain, the PE family can be divided in three subfamilies, the largest of which is the PE_PGRS with 61 members. In this study, we determined the cellular localization of three(More)