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In order to evaluate the prevalence, risk factors, and clinical consequences of hypovitaminosis D in elderly Italian women a multicenter study of 43 osteoporosis centers from all regions of Italy was carried out. Study population included 700 women aged 60-80 years in whom blood was taken for 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) and parathyroid hormone (PTH)(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the influence of shift work on metabolic and cardiovascular risk factors in subjects working in an industry sited in Apulia, Southern Italy. DESIGN Cross-sectional study of metabolic effects of shift work in glucose tolerant workers in a chemical industry in southern Italy. SUBJECTS The subjects included 319 glucose tolerant male(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the prevalence of sleep breathing disorders, loud snoring and excessive daytime sleepiness in a group of obese subjects, and to identify the predictors of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) severity in these patients. SUBJECTS A total of 161 consecutive obese patients (body mass index (BMI)> or =30.0 kg/m(2)), ranging between 30.0 and(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of a first-degree family history of type 2 diabetes on the intima-media thickness of the common carotid artery (IMT-CCA), a surrogate marker of coronary atherosclerosis, in glucose-tolerant young adults. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS IMT-CCA was measured by high-resolution B-mode ultrasound imaging in 401 individuals aged(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the accuracy of a new subcutaneous glucose sensor (Glucoday; A. Menarini Diagnostics) compared with venous blood glucose measurement in type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients. RESEARCH DESIGN A multicenter study was performed in 70 diabetic patients. A microdialysis fiber was inserted subcutaneously into the periumbelical region and(More)
Obesity is an excess of fat mass. Fat mass is an energy depot but also an endocrine organ. A deregulation of the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) might produce obesity. Stress exaggerates diet-induced obesity. After stress, SNS fibers release neuropeptide Y (NPY) which directly increases visceral fat mass producing a metabolic syndrome (MbS)-like phenotype.(More)
OBJECTIVE Increased thickness of the intima-media complex of the common carotid artery (IMT-CCA) is an early marker of atherosclerosis. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between insulin resistance and IMT-CCA in premenopausal women. SUBJECTS 86 young women, aged 18-31 y, were recruited for the study: 28 were normal weight(More)
Thermocutaneous, vascular, metabolic and hormonal changes were investigated during 11 hot flashes from 6 postmenopausal women. The first detectable change was an increase in finger blood flow with a concomitant enhancement of skin conductance. The increase in skin conductance was followed rapidly by a sharp rise in finger temperature. The main(More)
BACKGROUND There is a very high prevalence of obese women in the infertile population and many studies have highlighted the link between obesity and infertility. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of oligomenorrhea in uncomplicated obesity, and to examine whether this menstrual alteration is associated with anthropometric, hormonal, and(More)