Riccardo Gavioli

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OBJECTIVES Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory response against constituents of the central nervous system. It is known that regulatory T cells (Tregs) play a key role in the autoimmune balance and their improper function may facilitate the expansion of autoaggressive T cell clones. Recently, microRNAs (miRNAs) have been involved in autoimmune(More)
Cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) control viral infections by recognizing viral peptides presented by major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules. Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A11-restricted CTLs that recognize peptide residues 416 to 424 of the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) nuclear antigen-4 frequently dominate EBV-induced responses in A11+ Caucasian(More)
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), a ubiquitous herpesvirus, induces potent HLA class I-restricted cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) responses. Analyses of target antigen choice have shown that the very strong CTL responses which are often observed through the HLA A11 allele map are due almost entirely to a single transformation-associated EBV protein, the nuclear(More)
The T cell receptor (TCR) repertoires of cytotoxic responses to the immunodominant and subdominant HLA A11-restricted epitopes in the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) nuclear antigen-4 were investigated in four healthy virus carriers. The response to the subdominant epitope (EBNA4 399-408, designated AVF) was highly restricted with conserved Vbeta usage and(More)
The human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) is a human gamma2-herpesvirus that is implicated in the development of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), primary effusion lymphoma and Castelman's disease. Since the responses of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) play a key role in the control of herpesvirus infection, it is important to identify and to characterize the CTL target epitopes(More)
T lymphocytes recognize their antigenic targets as peptides associated with major histocompatibility complex molecules. The HLA-A11 allele, a preferred restriction element for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-specific cytotoxic T-lymphocyte responses, presents an immunodominant epitope derived from the EBV nuclear antigen 4. Subpicomolar concentrations of a(More)
Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) is a highly malignant B-cell tumour characterized by chromosomal translocations that constitutively activate the c-myc oncogene. Here we show that BL cells are resistant to apoptosis and do not accumulate ubiquitin conjugates in response to otherwise toxic doses of inhibitors of the proteasome. Deubiquitinating enzymes and the(More)
Two novel classes of biocompatible core-shell anionic microspheres, composed of an inner hard insoluble core, either made of poly(styrene) (PS) or poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), and a soft outer tentacular shell made of long soluble negatively charged arms derived from the steric stabilizer, hemisuccinated poly(vinyl alcohol) or Eudragit L100/55,(More)
The HIV epidemic continues to represent one of the major problems worldwide, particularly in the Asia and Sub-Saharan regions of the world, with social and economical devastating effects. Although antiretroviral drugs have had a dramatically beneficial impact on HIV-infected individuals that have access to treatment, it has had a negligible impact on the(More)
Novel biocompatible core-shell cationic nanoparticles, composed of an inner hard core of poly(methylmethacrylate) (PMMA) and a hydrophilic tentacular shell bearing positively charged groups and poly(ethyleneglycol) chains covalently bound to the core, were prepared by emulsion polymerization and characterized in vitro and in vivo for DNA vaccine(More)