Riccardo Casellato

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A simple procedure is described for preparing GM3 ganglioside, from a few milligrams to grams, from GM1-lactone (Sonnino et al., (1985) Glycoconjugate J 2: 343-54) [1]. The synthesis was carried out under the following optimal conditions: 30 mM GM1-lactone in 0.25 M H2SO4 in DMSO, 30 min, 70 degrees C, nitrogen atmosphere, strong stirring. The yield of GM3(More)
Human fibroblasts from normal subjects and Niemann-Pick A (NPA) disease patients were fed with two labeled metabolic precursors of sphingomyelin (SM), [(3)H]choline and photoactivable sphingosine, that entered into the biosynthetic pathway allowing the synthesis of radioactive phosphatidylcholine and SM, and of radioactive and photoactivable SM(More)
Src family kinases play a relevant role in the development and differentiation of neuronal cells. They are abundant in sphingolipid-enriched membrane domains of many cell types, and these domains are hypothesized to function in bringing together molecules important to signal transduction. We studied the association of Src family tyrosine kinases and their(More)
Four children with congenital muscular dystrophy (CMD), eye and brain abnormalities are described. Their clinical and neuroradiological features are compatible with a diagnosis of Walker-Warburg syndrome (WWS), according to the criteria proposed by Dobyns et al. (i.e., presence of type II lissencephaly, typical cerebellar and retinal malformations, CMD),(More)
Interactions between gangliosides and proteins at the exoplasmic surface of the sphingolipid-enriched membrane domains can be studied by ganglioside photolabeling combined with cell surface biotin labeling. In the present paper, we report on the results obtained using a novel radioactive photoactivable derivative of GM1 ganglioside, carrying the(More)
GM2 Activator is a low molecular weight protein cofactor that stimulates the enzymatic conversion of GM2 into GM3 by human beta-hexosaminidase A and also the conversion of GM2 into GA2 by clostridial sialidase (Wu, Y.-Y., Lockyer, J.M., Sugiyama, E., Pavlova, N.V., Li, Y.-T., and Li, S.-C. (1994) J. Biol. Chem. 269, 16276-16283). Among the five known(More)
The ceramide (Cer) and sphingomyelin (SM) species of cultured differentiated rat cerebellar granule cells and human fibroblasts were characterized by electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry. We identified 35 different species of Cer and 18 species of SM in human fibroblasts, and 35 different species of Cer and 9 species of SM were characterized in rat(More)
Sialosyl-lactosylceramide, GM3, is the major ganglioside of human liver, where it constitutes more than 90% of the total lipid-bound sialic acid. When analyzed by thin-layer chromatography, human liver GM3 migrates as two main spots. They are representative of ganglioside molecular species which differ in the acyl moiety. The faster running spot is mainly(More)
This study was based on 30 papillomavirus-associated urinary bladder tumours from cattle with chronic haematuria, the animals having been kept since birth on pasture rich in bracken fern. The ganglioside content was assessed and compared with that of normal bovine urinary bladders, which was shown to be 28.6+/-3.3 (mean+/-SD) microg of lipid-bound sialic(More)
It is now emerging the new concept that the antibodies from some patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) recognize an antigenic epitope formed by two different gangliosides, a ganglioside complex (GSC). We prepared the dimeric GM1-GD1a hybrid ganglioside derivative that contains two structurally different oligosaccharide chains to mimic the GSC. We use(More)