Ricardo de Castro Cintra Sesso

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OBJECTIVE To evaluate the impact of nutritional parameters at the time of initiation of hemodialysis (HD) on mortality. DESIGN Retrospective study. SETTING Dialysis Unit of the Federal University of Sao Paulo, Oswaldo Ramos Foundation. PATIENTS Three hundred forty-four incident HD patients (60.5% male, 26% diabetic) with the first nutritional(More)
Tuberculosis is one of the most frequent opportunistic infections after renal transplantation and occurred in 30 of 1264 patients transplanted between 1976 and 1996 at Hospital São Paulo - UNIFESP and Hospital Dom Silvério, Brazil. The incidence of 2.4% is five times higher than the Brazilian general population. The disease occurred between 50 days to 18(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the growing number of elderly patients with end-stage renal disease who need support, there are few studies about their caregivers. The objective of this study is to describe caregivers' characteristics and evaluate their burden and quality of life. METHODS We studied caregivers of elderly patients (>or=65 years) on hemodialysis (HD)(More)
BACKGROUND Equations to estimate GFR have not been well validated in the elderly and may misclassify persons with chronic kidney disease (CKD). We measured GFR and compared the performance of the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD), the Chronic Kidney Disease-Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-Epi) and the Berlin Initiative Study (BIS) equations based(More)
The aim of the present study was to analyse the changes in body composition of stunted children during a follow-up period and to test the hypothesis of a tendency to accumulate body fat as a consequence of undernutrition early in life. We selected fifty boys and girls aged 11 to 15, who were residents of slums in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Twenty were stunted (S)(More)
BACKGROUND Recent observations in our country have shown that late diagnosis of chronic renal failure (CRF) is an important cause of late referral and late commencement of maintenance dialysis. We prospectively investigated the influence of late diagnosis of CRF on patient mortality during dialysis therapy. METHODS Among 184 consecutive patients with(More)
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) serum markers (HBsAg, anti-HBs, anti-HBc) and antihepatitis C antibody (anti-HCV) were prospectively followed in haemodialysis and CAPD patients. From January 1987 to January 1990, 185 patients on haemodialysis and 124 on CAPD were analysed. Among patients susceptible to HBV (69 on haemodialysis and 70 on CAPD), there were 17 HBsAg(More)
Outbreaks of disease attributable to human error or natural causes can provide unique opportunities to gain new information about host-pathogen interactions and new leads for pathogenesis research. Poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis (PSGN), a sequela of infection with pathogenic streptococci, is a common cause of preventable kidney disease worldwide.(More)
Central venous catheterization is a common technique to establish rapid and temporary access for hemodialysis. However, it is a known risk factor for Staphylococcus aureus infection and bacteremia. Mupirocin is a topical antibiotic with high in vitro anti-staphylococcal activity. A randomized prospective trial was conducted to assess the effectiveness of(More)
Staphylococcus aureus is the most common cause of peritonitis in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis in Brazil. Using restriction endonuclease analysis of plasmid DNA, we investigated the importance of chronic carriage of S. aureus in the development of peritonitis in patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis at the Division of Nephrology,(More)