Ricardo Silva Pinho

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In this paper we study a model of gene networks introduced by Andreas Wagner in the 1990s that has been used extensively to study the evolution of mutational robustness. We investigate a range of model features and parameters and evaluate the extent to which they influence the probability that a random gene network will produce a fixed point steady state(More)
UNLABELLED Migraine can be triggered by many factors such as stress, sleep, fasting and environmental causes. There are few studies that evaluated migraine trigger factors in the adolescent population. METHODS A total of 100 participants from 10 to 19 years were subjected to a detailed headache questionnaire, with demographic and clinical data, and a(More)
Psychiatric comorbidity in patients with headache contributes to poorer prognosis, chronification of disease, poor response to treatment, increased cost of treatment, and decreased quality of life. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the depressive symptoms in adolescents with chronic and episodic migraines and healthy adolescents. The study(More)
Neurofibromatosis type 1 is characterized by nerve sheath neurofibromas associated with a number of additional clinical features, including cerebrovascular disease. The aim of this study was to use transcranial Doppler as a screening method for identifying cerebral vasculopathy in children with neurofibromatosis type 1. Forty children with neurofibromatosis(More)
Network motifs have been identified as building blocks of regulatory networks, including gene regulatory networks (GRNs). The most basic motif, autoregulation, has been associated with bistability (when positive) and with homeostasis and robustness to noise (when negative), but its general importance in network behavior is poorly understood. Moreover, how(More)
Evolution requires phenotypic variation in a population of organisms for selection to function. Gene regulatory processes involved in organismal development affect the phenotypic diversity of organisms. Since only a fraction of all possible phenotypes are predicted to be accessed by the end of development, organisms may evolve strategies to use(More)
A 10-year-old girl presented with acute blindness after a severe episode of febrile diarrhea. Magnetic resonance images were consistent with the diagnosis of infarction in the bilateral lateral geniculate bodies.
Manganese (Mn) toxicity causes an extrapyramidal, parkinsonian-type movement disorder with characteristic magnetic resonance images of Mn accumulation in the basal ganglia. This letter highlights the neurological manifestations and neuroimaging features of inherited manganism (IMn), an unusual and treatable inborn error of Mn homeostasis. Early-onset(More)
UNLABELLED Migraines and sleep terrors (STs) are highly prevalent disorders with striking similarities. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the antecedent of STs by comparing adolescents suffering from migraines with healthy controls in a large consecutive series. METHODS All patients were subjected to a detailed headache questionnaire and(More)
Hemifacial spasm is a disorder of the seventh cranial nerve, which is characterized by irregular, involuntary and recurrent tonic and clonic contractions of the ipsilateral facial expression muscles. This disorder affects mainly adults, and there are few cases reported in childhood. The main etiologies are vascular problems, although tumors are an important(More)
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