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Inflammation underlines all major bladder pathologies and represents a defense reaction to injury involving a mandatory participation of mast cells and sensory nerves. Mast cells are particularly frequent in close proximity to epithelial surfaces where they are strategically located in the bladder and release their mediators in response to inflammation.(More)
Inflammatory bladder disorders such as interstitial cystitis (IC) deserve attention since a major problem of the disease is diagnosis. IC affects millions of women and is characterized by severe pain, increased frequency of micturition, and chronic inflammation. Characterizing the molecular fingerprint (gene profile) of IC will help elucidate the mechanisms(More)
PURPOSE The 2 prominent features of interstitial cystitis are pain and increased numbers of mast cells in the bladder. In this pilot study we determined the concentration of soluble mediators associated with activation of sensory neurons and/or mast cells that were present in the urine. MATERIALS AND METHODS The study groups included 4 interstitial(More)
Tachykinin-induced contractility of smooth muscle strips from dog bladders was studied in vitro, and the presence of substance P-like immunoreactivity and neurokinin A and neurokinin B-like immunoreactivity was examined in bladder sections. Nerve fibers with substance P-like immunoreactivity were present in the mucosa, submucosa and smooth muscle. Fibers(More)
In this study, self-organizing map (SOM) gene cluster techniques are applied to the analysis of cDNA microarray analysis of gene expression changes occurring in the early stages of genitourinary inflammation. We determined the time course of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced gene expression in experimental cystitis. Mice were euthanized 0.5, 1, 4, and 24 h(More)
The influence of the epithelium on antagonism by ICI 204,219 of contractile responses to peptide leukotriene (LT) agonists was examined in guinea pig tracheal and human bronchial rings. The -log molar KB values for ICI 204,219 were found to be independent of the epithelium in both tissues. Even though uninfluenced by the epithelium, the -log molar KB values(More)
The molecular biology of lymphatics is only rudimentary owing to the long-standing absence of specific markers, and scanty is the information regarding bladder lymphatic vessels. By using mice with a reporter gene for nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) activity (kappaB-lacZ) in combination with immunohistochemical staining with a specific lymphatic marker(More)
Stimulation of sensory nerves can lead to release of peptides such as substance P (SP) and consequently to neurogenic inflammation. We studied the role of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in regulating SP-induced inflammation. Experimental cystitis was induced in female mice by intravesical instillation of SP, LPS, or fluorescein-labeled LPS. Uptake of(More)
Much research on the activity and half-life of endothelium-derived substances has entailed the removal of endothelium from arteries by mechanical or enzymatic processes. It has been observed that the technique used for the removal of arterial endothelium may profoundly affect smooth muscle function and release of prostanoids by the vessel wall. The function(More)