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The gene mutated in ataxia telangiectasia, ATM, has been implicated in several cell functions such as cell cycle control and response to DNA damage and insulin. PKB/Akt has also been implicated in the cellular response to insulin, gamma-radiation, and cell cycle control. Interestingly, lack of PKB/Akt function in vivo is able to mimic some phenotypic(More)
In order to analyze the incidence and prevalence of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) in penile carcinoma, we studied 49 patients with penile carcinoma. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue samples were collected from 64 samples of penile carcinoma from the Hospital General Universitario (Albacete, Spain). Cases were histologically classified and the(More)
5-Fluorouracil (5-FU), together with other drugs such as oxaliplatin, is one of the most important pharmacological agents in the treatment of colorectal cancer. Although mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) have been extensively connected with resistance to platinum compounds, no role has been established in 5-FU resistance. Here we demonstrate that(More)
In order to investigate the molecular mechanisms implicated in the induction of chemo sensitivity by adenovirus E1a gene expression, we decided to investigate which signal transduction pathways could be affected by the E1a gene in Human Normal Fibroblast (IMR90). No effect was observed in SAPK pathways (p38MAPK and JNK), but E1a was able to affect the Akt(More)
p73 is a novel member of the p53 family of tumor suppressor proteins which is involved in cellular differentiation, tumor suppression, and the response to genotoxic stress. The molecular mechanisms regulating p73 activity are still poorly understood. Recently, p73 was found to be a target of the enzymatic activity of c-Abl, a non-receptor tyrosine kinase(More)
Squamous cell carcinomas can show different oncogenic alterations, histological patterns, and an unpredictable clinical behavior. We previously reported that the adenovirus E1a gene may induce sensitivity to DNA-damaging agents in mouse keratinocytes. In order to study whether E1a expression could be used as a therapeutic agent in different malignant cell(More)
The tumor suppressor p53 plays a central role in sensing damaged DNA and orchestrating the consequent cellular responses. However, how DNA damage leads to the activation of p53 is still poorly understood. In this study, we have found that the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) plays a key role in the activation of p53 by genotoxic stress when(More)
The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway, which is essential for cell proliferation, is repressed in certain cell types in hypoxia. However, hypoxia-inducible factor 2α (HIF2α) can act as a proliferation-promoting factor in some biological settings. This paradoxical situation led us to study whether HIF2α has a specific effect on mTORC1 regulation.(More)
The adenovirus E1A gene is a potent inducer of chemosensitivity and radiosensitivity through p53-dependent and independent mechanisms. We have studied the sensitivity of murine (MSC11A5, a sarcomatoid epidermoid carcinoma) and human (HeLa, human cervix carcinoma) E1A-expressing tumors, in vivo, after treatment with cisplatin or gamma-irradiation. In athymic(More)
BACKGROUND Left and right colon carcinomas can display different clinical, pathologic, and genetic characteristics. The purpose of this study was to characterize multiple molecular genetic alterations in sporadic colon carcinoma and to correlate them with the location of the tumors and with lymph node metastasis. METHODS One hundred and twenty-five cases(More)