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Laminin (LN) plays a major role in neuronal differentiation, migration and survival. Here, we show that the cellular prion protein (PrPc) is a saturable, specific, high-affinity receptor for LN. The PrPc-LN interaction is involved in the neuritogenesis induced by NGF plus LN in the PC-12 cell line and the binding site resides in a carboxy-terminal(More)
BACKGROUND Mesial temporal lobe epilepsy related to hippocampal sclerosis (MTLE-HS) is the most common surgically remediable epileptic syndrome. Ablation of the cellular prion protein (PrP(c)) gene (PRNP) enhances neuronal excitability of the hippocampus in vitro and sensitivity to seizure in vivo, indicating that PrP(c) might be related to epilepsy. (More)
Prion diseases are transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs), attributed to conformational conversion of the cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) into an abnormal conformer that accumulates in the brain. Understanding the pathogenesis of TSEs requires the identification of functional properties of PrP(C). Here we examine the physiological functions of(More)
Understanding the physiological function of the cellular prion (PrPc) depends on the investigation of PrPc-interacting proteins. Stress-inducible protein 1 (STI1) is a specific PrPc ligand that promotes neuroprotection of retinal neurons through cAMP-dependent protein kinase A (PKA). Here, we examined the signaling pathways and functional consequences of(More)
The functional role of pericytes in cancer progression remains unknown. Clinical studies suggest that low numbers of vessel-associated pericytes correlated with a drop in overall survival of patients with invasive breast cancer. Using genetic mouse models or pharmacological inhibitors, pericyte depletion suppressed tumor growth but enhanced metastasis.(More)
Cellular prion (PrPc) is a plasma membrane glycosyphosphatidylinositol-anchored protein present in neurons but also in other cell types. Protein conservation among species suggests that PrPc may have important physiological roles. Cellular and molecular approaches have established several novel features of the regulation of PrPc expression, cellular(More)
The glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored cellular prion protein (PrPc) has a fundamental role in prion diseases. Intracellular trafficking of PrPc is important in the generation of protease resistant PrP species but little is known of how endocytosis affects PrPc function. Here, we discuss recent experiments that have illuminated how PrPc is(More)
The cellular prion protein (PrP(c)) is a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored plasma membrane protein whose conformational altered forms (PrP(sc)) are known to cause neurodegenerative diseases in mammals. In order to investigate the intracellular traffic of mammalian PrP(c) in living cells, we have generated a green fluorescent protein (GFP) tagged(More)
Cellular prion protein (PrP(c)) gene (Prnp) null mice (Prnp0/0) show higher sensitivity to seizures, enhanced brain oxidative stress, and their neurons exhibit higher excitability "in vitro". Mitochondrial respiration is a useful parameter for the determination of cellular metabolic rate and it is a major source of reactive oxygen species (ROS). In the(More)
Genetic factors predisposing individuals to cancer remain elusive in the majority of patients with a familial or clinical history suggestive of hereditary breast cancer. Germline DNA copy number variation (CNV) has recently been implicated in predisposition to cancers such as neuroblastomas as well as prostate and colorectal cancer. We evaluated the role of(More)