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Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) is an autoimmune disease that results in the destruction of the pancreatic islet beta cells. Glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) has been recently indicated as a key autoantigen in the induction of IDDM in nonobese diabetic mice. In human diabetes, the mechanism by which the beta cells are destroyed is still unknown.(More)
Tracheoesophageal fistulas are uncommon and present diverse etiologies, among which is burning of the esophagus due to caustic ingestion. Herein, we report the case of a 27-year-old male patient having ingested a caustic substance 14 days prior and presenting burning retrosternal pain, weakness, productive cough with purulent sputum and dyspnea accompanied(More)
Laparoscopy is a technique used in various surgical procedures. Few studies in the literature compare stress between laparoscopic and open surgery used for esophagogastric surgical procedures. Pulmonary function is known to be significantly affected in open surgeries, increasing postoperative morbidity and mortality. The current study aimed to assess(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects on hormonal and metabolic variables and bone density of a transdermal system delivering estrogen and progestagen. DESIGN Twenty-one patients were included in the study and randomly assigned to the following treatments: group A was treated with transdermal 17 beta-estradiol, 50 micrograms/day (Estraderm TTS 50), from the(More)
Circulating immune complexes (CIC) were investigated by the C1q binding assay in sera of 23 patients infected with Echinococcus granulosus. For the 23 sera studied, nine were found to be positive in the test. When the samples were grouped according to the cyst localization, the highest rate of CIC positively was found in the group of sera from patients with(More)
The objective was to study the disorders of upper esophageal sphincter in 37 patients with indeterminate clinical form of Chagas' disease. Eighty (48.6%) patients with synchronic waves were found. The average maximum pressure value of the upper esophageal sphincter was significantly higher in the synchronic group. Subjects with indeterminate clinical form(More)
The transthyretin (TTR) Ile 122 variant is associated with cardiac amyloidosis in individuals of African descent. To determine the prevalence of the allele encoding TTR Ile 122 in African-Americans, we have used PCR and restriction analysis to test DNA from African-Americans from various geographic areas, and found an allele frequency of 66/3376 (0.020),(More)
PURPOSE To compare the behavior of serum cortisol and ACTH levels and platelet kinetics after laparoscopic and open cholecystectomy. METHODS In this prospective study, 31 patients with symptomatic cholelithiasis submitted to elective cholecystectomy, 17 by the laparoscopic route and 14 by the open route, were compared. Peripheral blood samples were(More)