Ricardo P Garay

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Twenty to fifty percent of the ouabain-insensitive Na+ and K+ fluxes in human red blood cells are mediated by Cl(-) -dependent coupled transport (cotransport). In this paper we report on the effect of the sulfhydryl group reagent N-ethylmaleimide (NEM) on Cl(-) -dependent ouabain-insensitive Na+ and K+ fluxes in human red blood cells. We found that NEM(More)
Covalent attachment of polyethylene glycol (PEG) to active proteins (PEGylation technology) successfully generated several FDA-approved compounds, including four blockbusters, which are considered non immunogenic. However, PEG antibodies and intolerance to the infusion were reported in some patients with gout treated with pegloticase, a PEG-uricase recently(More)
Five red blood cell cation transport systems (RBCTS), together with blood lead level and blood pressure, were measured in 129 male adult subjects who were not occupationally exposed to lead or subsequent to a course of treatment for hypertension. Blood lead was positively related with systolic blood pressure, and to a lesser degree with diastolic blood(More)
INTRODUCTION For the last 30 years, drugs targeting serotonin receptors (5-HTR) have been intensively investigated in schizophrenia. New drugs targeting 5-HTRs are under development in patients with schizophrenia. AREAS COVERED In this review, the authors describe the recent clinical trials for schizophrenia with selective serotonergic agents and provide(More)
It is not clear whether patient's psycho-education enhances compliance to antipsychotic treatments and reduces the number of relapses. Here we investigated the impact of a new psycho-educational program (SOLEDUC) on the one- and two-years rate of relapse (primary outcome measure) and a number of clinical assessments (secondary outcome measures). This was a(More)
Animal studies indicate that the anxiolytic properties of the antipsychotic agent cyamemazine may result from blockade of serotonin 5-HT(2C) receptors and to a lesser extent from blockade of serotonin 5-HT(3) receptors. Here, we used human recombinant receptors to determine the relative affinity of cyamemazine for serotonin and dopamine receptor subtypes.(More)
RATIONALE Cyamemazine is a neuroleptic compound which possesses anxiolytic properties in humans. On the other hand, 5-HT3- and 5-HT2C-receptors have been implicated in anxiety disorders and a previous binding study has shown that cyamemazine possesses high affinity for both serotonin receptor types. OBJECTIVE The present study was undertaken to establish(More)
Different Li, Na and K transport pathways were assessed in erythrocytes from manic-depressive patients. No alteration in the Li-Na countertransport, Na,K cotransport or passive permeabilities was observed in either unipolar or bipolar manic-depressive patients. In addition, acute or chronic lithium treatment did not alter the maximal velocity of either the(More)
We examined the kinetic properties of the interactions between inner and outer cation sites of the Na-Li countertransport system in human red blood cells. Li-stimulated Na efflux [V(Na)] was measured as a function of external Li [(Li)o] and internal Na [(Na)i] contents. At each (Li)o, a Hanes plot of (Na)i/V(Na) vs. (Na)i allowed us to calculate the(More)
The Na+ and K+ electrochemical gradients across cell membranes are believed to be maintained by the action of a Na+, K+-pump. In human erythrocytes this pump exchanges internal Na+ for external K+ in approximately a 1.5 ratio. Thus, when Na+-loaded/K+-depleted erythrocytes are incubated in physiological conditions they tend to recover their original low(More)