Ricardo Martins Oliveira-Filho

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1. The effects of the active principles of S. rebaudiana (SR) on endocrine parameters of male rats were studied upon chronic administrations (60 days) of a concentrated, crude extract of its leaves, starting at prepubertal age (25-30 days old). 2. The following determinations were made: glycemia; serum levels of T3 and T4; available binding sites in thyroid(More)
OBJECTIVE One third of asthmatic women report a decreased expiratory peak flow during menses. Since asthma is characterized by lung inflammation and bronchopulmonary hyperresponsiveness, we investigated the role played by estradiol in allergic lung inflammation. METHODS Cell migration to the lungs of allergic female rats subjected to oophorectomy (OVx)(More)
Clinical and experimental evidences show that formaldehyde (FA) exposure has an irritant effect on the upper airways. As being an indoor and outdoor pollutant, FA is known to be a causal factor of occupational asthma. This study aimed to investigate the repercussion of FA exposure on the course of a lung allergic process triggered by an antigen unrelated to(More)
We have used a pharmacological approach to study the mechanisms underlying the rat lung injury and the airway reactivity changes induced by inhalation of formaldehyde (FA) (1% formalin solution, 90 min once a day, 4 days). The reactivity of isolated tracheae and intrapulmonary bronchi were assessed in dose-response curves to methacholine (MCh). Local and(More)
We evaluated the role of estradiol and progesterone in allergic lung inflammation. Rats were ovariectomized (Ovx) and, 7 days later, were sensitized with ovalbumin (OA) and challenged after 2 wk with inhaled OA; experiments were performed 1 day thereafter. Ovx-allergic rats showed reduced cell recruitment into the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid relative(More)
Formaldehyde (FA) is an indoor and outdoor pollutant widely used by many industries, and its exposure is associated with inflammation and oxidative stress in the airways. Our previous studies have demonstrated the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in lung inflammation induced by FA inhalation but did not identify source of the ROS. In the present study,(More)
Intestinal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) causes local and remote injuries that are multifactorial and essentially inflammatory in nature. To study the putative influences of nitric oxide (NO) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) on the release of interleukin (IL) 1beta and IL-10 and the involvement of lymphatic system on a systemic inflammation caused(More)
The effect of exposure to lead on endocrine function was studied in pubertal rats treated with 1.0 g/l lead acetate (PbAc) in drinking water for 20 days (subacute group) or 9 months (chronic group) in addition to iv injections of PbAc (0.1 mg/100 g body weight) every 10 (subacute group) or 15 days (chronic group). Although basal levels of testosterone were(More)
PURPOSE To report a new, direct visual approach for rat pinealectomy. METHODS Eighty adult female rats (Rattus norvegicus albinus EPM-1 strain) were weighted and anesthetized intraperitoneally with 15 mg/kg xylazine and 30 mg/kg ketamine. The animal was fastened to a dissection table, an incision was made in the skin and the subcutaneous tissue, bringing(More)
Acute lung injury following intestinal I/R depends on neutrophil-endothelial cell interactions and on cytokines drained from the gut through the lymph. Among the mediators generated during I/R, increased serum levels of IL-6 and NO are also found and might be involved in acute lung injury. Once intestinal ischemia itself may be a factor of tissue injury, in(More)