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In addition to their role in cardiorespiratory regulation, carotid body (CB) chemoreceptors serve as sensors for inflammatory status and as a protective factor during sepsis. However, lipopolysaccharide-induced sepsis (LPS) reduces CB responsiveness to excitatory or depressant stimuli. We tested whether LPS exerts a direct effect on the carotid(More)
Satellite glial cells (SGCs) are the main glia in sensory ganglia. They surround neuronal bodies and form a cap that prevents the formation of chemical or electrical synapses between neighboring neurons. SGCs have been suggested to establish bidirectional paracrine communication with sensory neurons. However, the molecular mechanism involved in this(More)
Melatonin, the principal pineal gland hormone, exerts a direct antiproliferative effect on estrogen-responsive MCF-7 cells in culture. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the effects of melatonin on the invasion capacity of MCF-7 cells. In vitro, melatonin at physiological doses (1 nM) reduced (P < 0.001) the invasiveness of tumoral cells(More)
Trigeminal ganglion neurons comprise three main cell body-size types. This cell size heterogeneity provides an excellent neuronal model to study the cell size-dependent organization and dynamics of the nucleoli, Cajal (coiled) bodies (CBs), and nuclear speckles of pre-mRNA splicing factors, nuclear structures that play a key role in the normal neuronal(More)
We have used an experimental model of tellurium(Te)-induced demyelinating neuropathy in the rat to study cellular mechanisms involved in regulating Schwann cell (SC) numbers during remyelination. Starting at postnatal day 21, weaned rats were fed a diet containing 1.1% elemental Te. Following 7 days of Te treatment and at several time points of(More)
Since acetylcholine (ACh) and ATP have been proposed as excitatory co-transmitters at synapses between glomus cells and sensory nerve endings of the carotid body (CB), we tested such hypothesis by studying the effects of combined cholinergic-purinergic block on the chemosensory activity recorded from cat's carotid bodies perfused and/or superfused in vitro.(More)
Either excitatory or inhibitory cardio-respiratory responses induced by nicotine have been reported. We evaluated the joint and separate contributions of peripheral arterial chemoreceptors and pulmonary vagal afferences to nicotine-induced cardio-respiratory responses in 11 pentobarbitone-anaesthetized cats. Nicotine, given i.v. in doses of from 1 to 200(More)
Arsenic has been associated with multiple harmful effects at the cellular level. Indirectly these defects could be related to impairment of the integrity of the immune system, in particular in lymphoid population. To characterize the effect of Arsenic on redox status on this population, copper smelter workers and arsenic unexposed donors were recruited for(More)
PURPOSE We performed a study to determine if a fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH)-based assay using isolated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) with DNA probes targeting specific sites on chromosomes known to have abnormalities in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cases could detect circulating genetically abnormal cells (CACs). (More)