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Accurate studies of the pigment composition and isolation in pure cultures of Chlorobiaceae from samples of eight Spanish lakes show that there are two main coexisting groups of green and brown Chlorobium spp. represented respectively by Chlorobium limicola and Chlorobium phaeobacteroides. Laboratory experiments with pure and mixed cultures of the isolated(More)
Physiological status of microbial mats of the Ebro Delta (Tarragona, Spain) based on the extraction of lipids considered ``signature lipid biomarkers'' (SLB) from the cell membranes and walls of microorganisms has been analyzed. Data from a day–night cycle show significant differences in viable cells countings (PLFA cells counts) ranging from 1.5 × 1010 to(More)
Type material of Litomosoides hamletti Sandground, 1934 from Glossophaga soricina soricina in Brazil and L. penai Jiménez-Quirós & Arroyo, 1960 from Carollia perspicillata azteca in Costa Rica, was examined. The morphology of the spicules shows that these species belong to the carinii group. Their synonymy with L. guiterasi Pérez Vigueras, 1934, from(More)
We compared here the suitability and efficacy of traditional morphological approach and DNA barcoding to distinguish filarioid nematodes species (Nematoda, Spirurida). A reliable and rapid taxonomic identification of these parasites is the basis for a correct diagnosis of important and widespread parasitic diseases. The performance of DNA barcoding with(More)
Wolbachia pipientis is a bacterial endosymbiont associated with arthropods and filarial nematodes. In filarial nematodes, W. pipientis has been shown to play an important role in the biology of the host and in the immuno-pathology of filariasis. Several species of filariae, including the most important parasites of humans and animals (e.g. Onchocerca(More)
UV-irradiation of E. coli induces a two fold increase in ATP pool in the first 20 min. Afterwards, in RecA+ strains ATP level drops quickly below values of non irradiated cells. Mutants of E. coli defective in RecA protein or with either RecA protease activity deficient or protease resistant LexA repressor do not present this decrease, showing that it is(More)
Two kinds of predatory bacteria have been observed and characterized by light and electron microscopy in samples from freshwater sulfurous lakes in northeastern Spain. The first bacterium, named Vampirococcus, is Gram-negative and ovoidal (0.6 micrometer wide). An anaerobic epibiont, it adheres to the surface of phototrophic bacteria (Chromatium spp.) by(More)
Microbial mat ecosystems are characterized by both seasonal and diel fluctuations in several physicochemical variables, so that resident microorganisms must frequently adapt to the changing conditions of their environment. It has been pointed out that, under stress conditions, bacterial cells with higher contents of poly-hydroxyalkanoates (PHA) survive(More)
We present a testable model for the origin of the nucleus, the membrane-bounded organelle that defines eukaryotes. A chimeric cell evolved via symbiogenesis by syntrophic merger between an archaebacterium and a eubacterium. The archaebacterium, a thermoacidophil resembling extant Thermoplasma, generated hydrogen sulfide to protect the eubacterium, a(More)
The present study analyses the helminth communities found in one hundred and two specimens of Martes martes from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Archipelago. The component community is constituted by seventeen helminth species, which frequency and mean abundance show a bimodal pattern. The set of core species is constituted by the trichurids(More)