Ricardo Fernández

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The cellular mechanism of luminal acidification (bicarbonate reabsorption) was studied in cortical distal tubules of rat kidney. The stopped-flow microperfusion technique was applied to early distal (ED) and late distal (LD) segments, perfused with bicarbonate Ringer solution to which specific inhibitors were added, to measure bicarbonate reabsorption [HCO3(More)
In the absence of information on functional manifestations of carotid body (CB) inflammation, we studied an experimental model in which lipopolysaccharide (LPS) administration to pentobarbitone-anaesthetized cats was performed by topical application upon the CB surface or by intravenous infusion (endotoxaemia). The latter caused: (i) disorganization of CB(More)
Epinephrine plays a key role in the control of vasomotor tone; however, the participation of the NO/cGMP pathway in response to beta-adrenoceptor activation remains controversial. To evaluate the involvement of the endothelium in the vascular response to epinephrine, we assessed NO production, endothelial NO synthase phosphorylation, and tissue accumulation(More)
BACKGROUND Endothelial dysfunction is a crucial step in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated in response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) during sepsis promotes progressive endothelial failure. Typically, LPS-stimulated leukocytes produce pro-inflammatory cytokines, which trigger endothelial ROS production through(More)
In the present study we determined the effect of chronic diet supplementation with n-3 PUFA on renal function of healthy and cachectic subjects by providing fish oil (1 g/kg body weight) to female rats throughout pregnancy and lactation and then to their offspring post-weaning and examined its effect on renal function parameters during their adulthood. The(More)
Satellite glial cells (SGCs) are the main glia in sensory ganglia. They surround neuronal bodies and form a cap that prevents the formation of chemical or electrical synapses between neighboring neurons. SGCs have been suggested to establish bidirectional paracrine communication with sensory neurons. However, the molecular mechanism involved in this(More)
Either excitatory or inhibitory cardio-respiratory responses induced by nicotine have been reported. We evaluated the joint and separate contributions of peripheral arterial chemoreceptors and pulmonary vagal afferences to nicotine-induced cardio-respiratory responses in 11 pentobarbitone-anaesthetized cats. Nicotine, given i.v. in doses of from 1 to 200(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the caloric expenditure and the intensity of physical activities performed by official soccer referees during a match expressed in Metabolic Equivalent (METs). The physical activity of referees accredited by CBF (Brazilian Confederation of Soccer) was video-recorded during twenty-nine official games of Paraná(More)
Regulatory T cells (Treg) are important in the development of immune tolerance under normal physiological conditions. However, in pathological situations such as cancer, Treg increases have been correlated with bad prognoses. Treg depletion can be achieved in vitro under several stimuli, including the activation of the purinergic P2X7 receptor. Our aim was(More)
CD4(+) CD25(+) Foxp3(+) regulatory T (Treg) cells mediate immunological self-tolerance and suppress immune responses. Retinoic acid (RA), a natural metabolite of vitamin A, has been reported to enhance the differentiation of Treg cells in the presence of TGF-β. In this study, we show that the co-culture of naive T cells from C57BL/6 mice with allogeneic(More)