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Ethanol (EtOH) is a drug widely consumed throughout the world that promotes several neurochemical disorders. Its deleterious effects are generally associated with modifications in oxidative stress parameters, signaling transduction pathways, and neurotransmitter systems, leading to distinct behavioral changes. Taurine (2-aminoethanesulfonic acid) is a(More)
Vitamin A supplementation has caused concern among public health researchers due to its ability in decreasing life quality from acute toxicological effects to increasing mortality rates among vitamin supplement users. For example, it was described cognitive decline (i.e. irritability, anxiety, and depression) in patients subjected to long-term vitamin A(More)
OBJECTIVE Vitamin A is a redox-active molecule and its inadvertent utilisation as a preventive therapy against ageing or neurodegeneration has become a harmful habit among humans at different ages. Mitochondrial dysfunction and redox impairment may be induced by vitamin A supplementation experimentally. Nonetheless, it is still not clear by which mechanisms(More)
Vitamin A at moderate to high doses is applied in the treatment of some life threatening pathological conditions, for instance cancers. Additionally, vitamin A at low concentrations is a known antioxidant molecule. However, by increasing vitamin A (or its derivatives) concentrations, there is an increase in the levels of oxidative stress markers in several(More)
Even though vitamin A has been viewed as an antioxidant molecule, recent findings demonstrate that such vitamin elicits pro-oxidant effects in vivo. Moreover, vitamin A supplements utilization may increase mortality rates among healthy subjects. However, the mechanism by which vitamin A elicits such effects remains to be better analyzed. In this regard, we(More)
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