Ricardo Elgul Samad

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The aim of this work was to evaluate the performance of femtosecond laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (fs-LIBS) for the determination of elements in animal tissues. Sample pellets were prepared from certified reference materials, such as liver, kidney, muscle, hepatopancreas, and oyster, after cryogenic grinding assisted homogenization. Individual(More)
We report here the observation, for the first time, of the enhancement of Europium-Tetracycline complex emission in cholesterol solutions. This enhancement was initially observed with the addition of the enzyme cholesterol oxidase, which produces H(2)O(2), the agent driver of the Europium tetracycline complex, to the solution. However, it was found that the(More)
We report the production of color centers in LiF single crystals by ultrashort high intensity laser pulses (60fs, 10 GW). An intensity threshold for color centers creation of 2 TW/cm(2) was determined, which is slightly smaller than the continuum generation threshold. We could identify a large amount of F centers that gave rise to aggregates such as F(2),(More)
We report the measurement of the 20 ps ablation threshold of pure and Cr(3+) doped LiSAF samples using a simple method that employs a single scan of the sample across a focused laser beam waist. During the scan, a profile is etched in the sample surface, and the measurement of the maximum transversal size of the profile and the pulse peak power determine(More)
We report the validation of the Diagonal Scan (D-Scan) technique to determine the incubation parameter for ultrashort laser pulses ablation. A theory to calculate the laser pulses superposition and a procedure for quantifying incubation effects are described, and the results obtained for BK7 samples in the 100 fs regime are compared to the ones given by the(More)
Rapid variations of the environmental energy caused by ultrashort laser pulses have induced phase transitions in carbon allotropes, therefore bringing the promise of revealing new carbon phases. Here, by exposing polycrystalline graphite to 25 fs laser pulses at 4 J/cm(2) fluence under standard air atmosphere, we demonstrated the synthesis of translucent(More)
In this work the diffusion of mercury and other elements from amalgam tooth restorations through the surrounding dental tissue (dentin) was evaluated using femtosecond laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (fs-LIBS). To achieve this, seven deciduous and eight permanent extracted human molar teeth with occlusal amalgam restorations were half-sectioned and(More)
Cr3+:LiSrAlF6 crystals are an interesting laser medium because of their spectroscopic characteristics: They present a broad emission band in the near infrared and can be pumped either by a flashlamp or by diodes. Up to now, their limitation has been mostly due to their poor thermal properties that limit the laser performance either in the repetition rate in(More)
We report the performance of a flashlamp-pumped Cr:LiSrAlF(6) (Cr:LiSAF) laser developed and built by us. The pumping cavity incorporates filters that select the flashlamps' emission spectrum to match the absorption bands of the gain medium, allowing control of the amount of nonradiactive decay heat contribution of the optical cycle, minimizing thermal(More)
In this paper we report the effects of the irradiation of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) by ultra-short laser pulses to obtain in vitro alterations mimicking proatherogenic modifications occurring in vivo in LDL. The modifications by metallic ions (copper and iron) and ultra-short laser pulses were studied by fluorescence steady state and time-resolved(More)