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Chagas' disease is an infectious disease that affects millions of people in Latin America and is increasingly seen outside endemic areas. A substantial number of patients develop gastrointestinal disorders secondary to lesions of the enteric nervous system. The purpose of this article is to review the current knowledge about gastrointestinal manifestations(More)
We studied oropharyngeal function in patients with Chagas' disease and oesophageal disease. Twenty-four patients with Chagas' disease, 17 of them with oesophageal disease, were submitted to scintigraphic oropharyngeal transit. A single swallow of a 10-mL bolus of water labelled with 40 MBq 99m Tc-phytate, followed by image acquisition at 20 images s-1(More)
Slow transit constipation (STC) is a disorder of intestinal motility of unknown aetiology. Myopathies, including those characterized by the finding of inclusion bodies, have been described in enteric disorders. Amphophilic inclusion bodies have been reported in the muscularis externa of the colon of STC patients. This study formally tested the hypothesis(More)
Disordered gut motor activity is a feature of patients with Chagas' disease: colonic involvement leads to the development of megacolon and symptoms of constipation. Interstitial cells of Cajal are thought to modulate gut motility. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that there is an abnormality of the density of distribution of interstitial(More)
Helicobacter pylori is a bacterium associated with upper gastrointestinal diseases in humans. However, only a small proportion of infected people become sick. Although several studies have tried to establish an association between known virulence markers and clinical outcomes, in many cases the results have been conflicting. The aim of this study was to(More)
The effects of the K+ channel blockers, apamin, tetraethylammonium and 4-aminopyridine, upon the relaxations of the isolated rat proximal duodenum induced by nitregic nerve activation, nitric oxide (NO), the NO donor 3-morpholinosydnonimine (SIN-1) and Br-cyclic GMP were determined. The effects of the guanylate cyclase inhibitors, cystamine and(More)
Helicobacter pylori is an important human pathogen associated with gastrointestinal diseases such as gastritis, gastric and duodenal ulcer (peptic ulcer disease, PUD), and gastric cancer. A number of pathogenic factors have been described for this bacterium, and some of them have been proposed as markers for the prediction of the clinical outcome. However,(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanism underlying increased perception of food bolus passage in the absence of esophageal mechanical obstruction has not been completely elucidated. A correlation between the intensity of the symptom and the severity of esophageal dysfunction, either motility (manometry) or bolus transit (impedance) has not been clearly demonstrated. The(More)
Despite years of experience with Helicobacter pylori treatment, the ideal regimen for treating the infection has not been found. The most effective eradication treatment is the combination of a proton pump inhibitor with antibiotics, but 10-20% of the patients fail to obtain eradication of the infection. Antibiotic resistance is a major factor affecting the(More)
The basal motility of the sigmoid colon and rectum was evaluated manometrically over 3 consecutive 10-minute periods in 29 control subjects, 14 chagasic patients without megacolon, and 32 chagasic patients with megacolon. The results indicated that the sigmoid colon of both chagasic groups had a lower motility index and lower wave frequency than that of the(More)