Ricardo Barrón Fernández

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In addition to their role in cardiorespiratory regulation, carotid body (CB) chemoreceptors serve as sensors for inflammatory status and as a protective factor during sepsis. However, lipopolysaccharide-induced sepsis (LPS) reduces CB responsiveness to excitatory or depressant stimuli. We tested whether LPS exerts a direct effect on the carotid(More)
Satellite glial cells (SGCs) are the main glia in sensory ganglia. They surround neuronal bodies and form a cap that prevents the formation of chemical or electrical synapses between neighboring neurons. SGCs have been suggested to establish bidirectional paracrine communication with sensory neurons. However, the molecular mechanism involved in this(More)
Since acetylcholine (ACh) and ATP have been proposed as excitatory co-transmitters at synapses between glomus cells and sensory nerve endings of the carotid body (CB), we tested such hypothesis by studying the effects of combined cholinergic-purinergic block on the chemosensory activity recorded from cat's carotid bodies perfused and/or superfused in vitro.(More)
Arsenic has been associated with multiple harmful effects at the cellular level. Indirectly these defects could be related to impairment of the integrity of the immune system, in particular in lymphoid population. To characterize the effect of Arsenic on redox status on this population, copper smelter workers and arsenic unexposed donors were recruited for(More)
Acetylcholine (ACh) and ATP have been proposed as excitatory co-transmitters operating at synapses between glomus cells and sensory nerve endings of the carotid body (CB). To test such hypothesis, we performed experiments on cats under pentobarbitone anesthesia and breathing spontaneously. Cholinergic and purinergic agonists and antagonists were given into(More)
Injections of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) have been used to produce the signs of sepsis and study their underlying mechanisms. Intravenous (IV) injections of LPS in anesthetized cats induce tachypnea, tachycardia and hypotension, but ventilatory changes are suppressed after sectioning carotid and aortic nerves. Otherwise, LPS increases the basal frequency of(More)
  • Gerardo A Laguna‐sánchez, Mauricio Olguín‐carbajal, Nareli Cruz‐cortés, Ricardo Barrón Fernández, Jesús A Álvarez‐cedillo, Resumen El
  • 2009
The Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) algorithm is a well known alternative for global optimization based on a bio‐inspired heuristic. PSO has good performance, low computational complexity and few parameters. Heuristic techniques have been widely studied in the last twenty years and the scientific community is still interested in technological alternatives(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) administered I.P. increases significantly the activation of c-Fos in neurons of the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS), which in turn activates hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis. The vagus nerve appears to play a role in conveying cytokines signals to the central nervous system (CNS), since -in rodent models of sepsis- bilateral(More)
Either excitatory or inhibitory cardio-respiratory responses induced by nicotine have been reported. We evaluated the joint and separate contributions of peripheral arterial chemoreceptors and pulmonary vagal afferences to nicotine-induced cardio-respiratory responses in 11 pentobarbitone-anaesthetized cats. Nicotine, given i.v. in doses of from 1 to 200(More)