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Visualising Gender Wage Differences in the European Union
The purpose of this article is to illustrate differences in the gender wage gap in 13 EU member states, using figures taken from the Household Panel for 2000. The methodology is based primarily onExpand
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Measuring is Believing! Improving Conventional Indicators of Welfare State Development
Welfare effort (social spending as a percentage of GDP) has conventionally been the preferred measure for comparisons in space and time of the level of development of welfare states. However, a wideExpand
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Beyond Welfare Effort in the Measuring of Welfare States
Abstract Welfare effort (social spending as a percentage of GDP) has conventionally been the preferred measure for comparisons in space and time of the level of development of welfare states.Expand
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Dynamic supplier management in the automotive industry
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to provide an explanation and set out the reasons for the change in supply strategy from sole sourcing to split sourcing at an automotive assembly plant. InExpand
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Foreign Direct Investment and the Development of the Automotive Industry in Eastern and Southern Europe
This working paper provides an overview of foreign direct investment (FDI) in the automotive industry in Eastern Europe and Spain since the 1990s. The authors examine the main trends and patterns ofExpand
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Determinant factors in the convergence of welfare effort in OECD countries: a decomposition of the Theil indices
This article uses Theil's index to confirm the convergence of welfare effort in 21 developed countries. Taking advantage of the properties of this index, this article decomposes the dispersion ofExpand
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Digitalisation and the role of MNC subsidiaries in the Spanish automotive industry
There are some earlier references, but it is common to attribute the term ‘Industry 4.0’ to the report by Kagermann et al. (2013) (see also Kagermann 2015), which was drawn up to make a diagnosis ofExpand
THE AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY IN THE ‘OLD PERIPHERY’ OF THE EUROPEAN UNION: REGIONAL INPUT LINKAGES OF VOLKSWAGEN NAVARRA SA
The intended main output of this paper is a measurement of the dependence of the regional economy of Navarre (Northern Spain) on the Volkswagen plant producing the Polo model. Based on a field surveyExpand
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Comparative Statistics
Welfare effort (social spending as a percentage of GDP) has conventionally been the preferred measure for comparisons in space and time of the level of development of welfare states. However,Expand
Retrenchment or Resilience? New Evidence on Relative Social Expenditure Trends
Two opposing viewpoints can be found in recent literature on trends in welfare states. The first (efficiency thesis) envisages the retrenchment of the welfare state, while the second viewpoint (theExpand
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