Ricardo A. Battaglino

Learn More
Osteoporosis is a well acknowledged complication of spinal cord injury. We report that motor complete spinal cord injury and post-injury alcohol consumption are risk factors for hospitalization for fracture treatment. The clinical assessment did not include osteoporosis diagnosis and treatment considerations, indicating a need for improved clinical(More)
UNLABELLED 5-HTT mediates antidepressant-sensitive clearance of 5-HT after its release into neural synapses. We found increased expression of 5-HTT in RANKL-induced osteoclast-like cells. Fluoxetine, an inhibitor of 5-HTT, reduced osteoclast differentiation but not activation. Reserpine, an inhibitor of 5-HT intracellular transport, potentiated(More)
Chemokines play an important role in immune and inflammatory responses by inducing migration and adhesion of leukocytes, and have also been reported to modulate osteoclast differentiation from hemopoietic precursor cells of the monocyte-macrophage lineage. In this study, we examined the effect of MIP-1 gamma, a C-C chemokine family member, on receptor(More)
Spinal cord injury causes severe bone loss. We report osteoclast resorption with severe trabecular and cortical bone loss, decreased bone mineral apposition, and growth plate abnormalities in a rodent model of contusion spinal cord injury. These findings will help elucidate the mechanisms of osteoporosis following neurological trauma. Limited understanding(More)
The role of the receptor activator of nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) ligand (RANKL)-a tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related cytokine-in osteoclast formation has been established clearly. However, the downstream signaling pathways activated by this cytokine remain largely unknown. To identify genes that play a role in osteoclastogenesis, we used RAW 264.7(More)
Mounting evidence exists for the operation of a functional serotonin (5-HT) system in osteoclasts and osteoblasts, which involves both receptor activation and 5-HT reuptake. In previous work we showed that the serotonin transporter (5-HTT) is expressed in osteoclasts and that its activity is required by for osteoclast differentiation in vitro. The purpose(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to assess the in vitro synergistic effect of methylene blue (MB) and red light on human gingival fibroblasts and osteoblasts with parameters similar to those that may be applied in a clinical setting for endodontic disinfection. MATERIALS AND METHODS Both cell types were sensitized with 50 microg/mL MB followed by(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the precision of dual energy x-ray absorptiometry scanning at 2 skeletal sites at the knee (proximal femur and distal tibia) in people with SCI. DESIGN Cross-sectional. SETTING Veterans Affairs Medical Center. PARTICIPANTS Subjects (N=20) with chronic SCI. INTERVENTIONS Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Precision as(More)
Spinal cord injury (SCI) causes profound bone loss due to muscle paralysis resulting in the inability to walk. Sclerostin, a Wnt signaling pathway antagonist produced by osteocytes, is a potent inhibitor of bone formation. Short-term studies in rodent models have demonstrated increased sclerostin in response to mechanical unloading that is reversed with(More)
Mammalian development is orchestrated by a variety of cellular proteins with expression that is regulated precisely. Although some of the genes encoding these factors have been identified, largely by homology to those of simpler organisms, the majority of them presumably remain unknown. We report here on the results of a large-scale genetic screen that can(More)