Ricarda Jantos

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An increasing number of fatal road-accidents have been reported in which ecstasy was found in the blood of drivers. Although, ecstasy is frequently found to have been used in combination with alcohol, studies on the acute effects of ecstasy co-administered with alcohol on driving performance are relatively rare. The present study was designed to establish(More)
Analysis of dried blood spots is an increasingly accepted method in therapeutic drug monitoring, whereas its application by analogy to forensic samples has not been studied in detail. Therefore, we investigated whether determination of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) and its main metabolite 3,4-methylendioxyamphetamine (MDA) from dried blood spots(More)
Z-drugs such as zopiclone are increasingly involved in forensic cases. Its degradation occurs in solvents and biological fluids. It is assumed that hydrolysis largely accounts for the breakdown of zopiclone in aqueous media. Therefore, a stability study in blood at different storage conditions (−20, 4, 20, and 40°C) was performed to establish changes of the(More)
Body fluids and tissues in 16 methadone (MTD)-associated fatalities were investigated to find out whether analysis of MTD and its metabolite 2-ethylidine-1,5-dimethyl-3,3-diphenylpyrrolidine (EDDP) following enantioselective separation of both compounds may assist in the interpretation of MTD findings. Individual case histories were shortly described. R-(More)
According to international surveys, the appetite suppressant phentermine has frequently been seized although its approval has been withdrawn in Germany. Phentermine is an isomer of methamphetamine though is not optically active such as e. g. amphetamine. The drug acts as a potent substrate at the norepinephrine transporter simultaneously promoting its(More)
A recent study investigating the pharmacokinetics of fentanyl in Sprague-Dawley rats suggested fentanyl to be a substrate of rat organic anion-transporting polypeptide Oatp. In human beings, the most important OATP for the pharmacokinetics of many drugs is OATP1B1. Therefore, genetic variants of OATP1B1 (SLCO1B1) might modulate fentanyl pharmacokinetics and(More)
Insurance agencies might request laboratories to differentiate whether a deceased has been a smoker or not to decide about refunding of his nonsmoker rate. In this context, the question on a solid proof of tobacco alkaloids and major metabolites in tissues came up. Currently, an appropriate assay is still lacking to analyze tissue distribution in smokers or(More)
For forensic toxicological investigations only whole blood, but no serum is often available. Pharmacokinetic data are helpful for interpreting the results, but most of these studies indicate serum or plasma concentrations. In order to obtain reliable conversion factors which also take intersubject variability into account, the blood/serum ratios (B/S) of(More)
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