Ricarda Brandes

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Pauci-immune focal necrotizing glomerulonephritis (FNGN) is a severe inflammatory disease associated with autoantibodies to neutrophil cytoplasmic antigens (ANCA). Here we characterize autoantibodies to lysosomal membrane protein-2 (LAMP-2) and show that they are a new ANCA subtype present in almost all individuals with FNGN. Consequently, its prevalence is(More)
BACKGROUND Most totally blind people have circadian rhythms that are "free-running" (i.e., that are not synchronized to environmental time cues and that oscillate on a cycle slightly longer than 24 hours). This condition causes recurrent insomnia and daytime sleepiness when the rhythms drift out of phase with the normal 24-hour cycle. We investigated(More)
We have previously shown that increased cardiac work initially caused a rapid Ca(2+)-independent fall of mitochondrial [NADH] ([NADH](m)) to a minimum level, and this was followed by a slow Ca(2+)-dependent recovery toward control level (Brandes and Bers, Biophys. J. 71:1024-1035, 1996; Brandes and Bers, Circ. Res. 80:82-87, 1997). The purpose of this study(More)
It is not clear how mitochondrial energy production is regulated in intact tissue when energy consumption suddenly changes. Whereas mitochondrial [NADH] ([NADH]m) may regulate cellular respiration rate and energetic state, it is not clear how [NADH]m itself is controlled during increased work in vivo. We have varied work and [Ca2+] in intact cardiac muscle(More)
The oxidative phosphorylation rate in isolated mitochondria is stimulated by increased [ADP], resulting in decreased [NADH]. In intact hearts, however, increased mechanical work has generally not been shown to cause an increase in [ADP]. Therefore, increased [NADH] has been suggested as an alternative for stimulating the phosphorylation rate. Such a rise in(More)
The involvement of autoantibodies to human lysosome-associated membrane protein-2 (hLAMP-2) in anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis is controversial because of the absence of confirmatory data subsequent to the initial reports of their high prevalence in this disease. We characterized three assays for anti-hLAMP-2 antibodies:(More)
Pressure overload hypertrophy has previously been shown to reduce contractility but paradoxically to increase O2 consumption rates at a given force. Because O2 consumption rates are related to mitochondrial [NADH] ([NADH]m), we tested the hypothesis that with hypertrophy, control of [NADH]m may be altered. Left ventricular trabeculae were isolated from(More)
Pauci-immune focal necrotizing GN (piFNGN) is usually associated with ANCAs that are thought to be pathogenic. However, 10%-15% of patients are ANCA negative and the cause of their injury is unknown. We previously reported a high frequency of autoantibodies to human lysosome-associated membrane protein-2 (hLAMP-2) in ANCA-associated piFNGN, and have now(More)