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We show that a periodic array of metal-insulator-metal resonators can be described as a high refractive index metamaterial. This approach permits to obtain analytically the optical properties of the structure and thus to establish conception rules on the quality factor or on total absorption. Furthermore, we extend this formalism to the combination of two(More)
We present an original and compact optical system inspired by the unusual eyes of a Strepsipteran insect called Xenos peckii. It is designed for a field of view of 30 degrees and is composed of multiple telescopes. An array of prisms of various angles is placed in front of these telescopes in order to set a different field of view for each channel. This(More)
Three-wave mixing in nonlinear materials--the interaction of two light waves to produce a third--is a convenient way of generating new optical frequencies from common laser sources. However, the resulting optical conversion yield is generally poor, because the relative phases of the three interacting waves change continuously as they propagate through the(More)
Diffractive axicons are optical components producing achromatic nondiffracting beams. They thus produce a focal line rather than a focal point for classical lenses. This gives the interesting property of a long focal depth. We show that this property can be used to design a simple imaging system with a linear variable zoom by using and translating a(More)
Tolerance in angles of continuously self-imaging gratings (CSIGs) is explored. The degradation in angle of the shape of the point-spread function is theoretically investigated and illustrated by simulations and experiments. The formalism presented is inspired by the one used for classical lenses and can be easily generalized to diffraction gratings. It(More)
The performances of a compact infrared optical system using advanced pinhole optics for wide field applications are given. This concept is adapted from the classical Tisse design in order to fit with infrared issues. Despite a low light gathering efficiency and a low resolution in comparison with classical lenses, pinhole imagery provides a long depth of(More)
We present what is believed to be a novel experimental method to measure the technological parameters (spectral response and quantum yield) of an infrared focal plane array. This method makes original use of a Fourier transform spectrometer, which allows us to simultaneously extract the spectral performances of all pixels from one single set of(More)
We report nearly perfect optical transmission (87%) through freestanding metallic gratings with narrow slits, as the experimental demonstration of the theoretical prediction by Porto et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2845 (1999)10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.2845]. In addition, we show that the Fano line shape of transmission spectra reveals the interplay between(More)
We demonstrate that almost 100% of incident photons can interact with a monolayer of scatterers in a symmetrical environment. Nearly perfect optical extinction through free-standing transparent nanorod arrays has been measured. The sharp spectral opacity window, in the form of a characteristic Fano resonance, arises from the coherent multiple scattering in(More)
We investigate the mechanisms involved in the funneling of optical energy into subwavelength grooves etched on a metallic surface. The key phenomenon is unveiled thanks to the decomposition of the electromagnetic field into its propagative and evanescent parts. We unambiguously show that the funneling is not due to plasmonic waves flowing toward the(More)