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Peach [Prunus persica (L.) Batsch] regenerants from cv ‘Sunhigh’ embryo no. 156, regenerants obtained from cv ‘Redhaven’ embryo no. 30, and two peach cultivars ‘Sunhigh’ and ‘Redhaven’, were screened for polymorphic RAPD (Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA) markers with up to 60 10-mer primers. Although 35 primers produced results with scoreable bands, only(More)
Two morphologically distinct phenotypes of Centella asiatica (Type-1 and Type-2) in South Africa were compared in relation to the levels of triterpenoid saponins with the aim of assessing their potential for biotechnological manipulation of triterpenoid synthesis. The metabolites investigated included madecassoside and asiaticoside and their sapogenins(More)
Static headspace sampling with solid-phase microextraction has been used in combination with GC-FID and GC-MS for the specific enrichment, identification and quantification of volatile methyl jasmonate secreted by wounded leaves of Arabidopsis thaliana. The microsample method of analysis was found to be precise, accurate, sensitive and rapid. The detection(More)
Coleonema album, a member of the South African fynbos biome, was evaluated for its antimicrobial activity associated with its secondary metabolites. Ethanol- and acetone-based extracts obtained from plants from two different geographical areas were analyzed. A bioassay-guided fractionation methodology was followed for rapid and effective screening for the(More)
The presence of a specific binding site for a protein-lipopolysaccharide (PLP) phytotoxin isolated from culture filtrates of Verticillium dahliae has been demonstrated in plasma membranes from cotton seedlings. The 125I-labelled PLP was used as a ligand in binding assays with plasma membrane enriched fractions. Root tissue exhibited the highest amount of(More)
Extracts from apple fruit (cultivar "Granny Smith") inhibited the cell-wall degrading polygalacturonase (PG) activity of Colletotrichum lupini, the causal agent of anthracnose on lupins, as well as Aspergillus niger PG. Southern blot analysis indicated that this cultivar of apple has a small gene family of polygalacturonase inhibiting proteins (pgips), and(More)
The mechanism of GTP-specific activation of the membrane-bound cellulose synthase system of Acetobacter xylinum has been further elucidated. The supernatant fraction derived from washed membranes of this organism contains an enzyme which reacts with GTP to form a low molecular mass, heat-stable compound,tentatively characterized as a cyclic oligonuleotide(More)
Significant improvements to microdrop extractions of triazine pesticides are realized by the intentional incorporation of an air bubble into the solvent microdroplet used in this microextraction technique. The increase is attributed partly to greater droplet surface area resulting from the air bubble being incorporated into the solvent droplet as opposed to(More)
Self-packed micro-tip columns containing a C18-bonded silica stationary phase, based on the same principles as solid-phase extraction methods, were used to obtain gossypol and related sesquiterpenoid aldehyde-enriched fractions. The enriched metabolite fractions were then analyzed by optimized high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with a C18 column(More)