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Periadolescent rats have been reported to be affected differentially by catecholaminergic agents when compared with younger or adult animals. The present study evaluated the behavioral responsivity of periadolescent (34- to 39-day-old) and adult (60- to 70-day-old) Sprague-Dawley rats of both sexes to i.p. cocaine (Coc) administration (0, 10 or 20 mg/kg,(More)
Clinical studies show that men are more likely to develop disorders affecting midbrain dopaminergic pathways, such as drug addiction and Parkinson's disease (PD). Although a great deal of focus has been given to the role of oestrogen in the maintenance of midbrain dopaminergic pathways, little is known about how testosterone influences these pathways. In(More)
Cocaine is known to exert sexually dimorphic HPA axis effects in rats and to disrupt estrous cyclicity and/or fertility in rats, nonhuman primates, and humans. The present studies investigated the reciprocal interactions between ovarian hormones and HPA axis responses to cocaine. Thirty minutes after injection, cocaine (15 mg/kg i.p.) increased serum ACTH(More)
Previous findings in our laboratory and elsewhere have shown that ovariectomy of rats in adulthood attenuates cocaine-stimulated locomotor behaviour. Ovarian hormones enhance both cocaine-stimulated behaviour and increase dopamine overflow after psychomotor stimulants. The present study aimed to determine whether ovarian hormones have these effects in part(More)
The study investigates the influence of gender on the activation of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis by cocaine and other monamine uptake inhibitors. Drug-induced secretion of adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) was used to pursue this question. Cocaine produced a dose-related rise in serum ACTH levels in both male and female rats, but the rise(More)
In brief: Thirty-three prepubescent, pubescent, and postpubescent males participated in a nine-week resistive exercise program to test the hypothesis that pubescent males respond better to strength training than older and younger groups do. Before and after the program, the subjects' strength in elbow and knee flexion and extension was tested bilaterally on(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The quadriceps femoris muscle angle (Q angle) is used to reflect the quadriceps femoris muscle's force on the patella in the frontal plane. We found no studies, however, that validate this assumption. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the Q angle can be used to represent the force on the patella in the frontal plane.(More)