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Adolescents and young adults of both sexes are the primary consumers of "club" drugs; yet, most of the mechanistic preclinical research in this area has been performed in adult male rodents. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the acute and repeated effects of drugs that are commonly abused by adolescents in female adolescent and adult rats in a(More)
Pre-clinical evaluation of asthma therapies requires animal models of chronic airways inflammation, airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) and lung remodelling that accurately predict drug effectiveness in human asthma. However, most animal models focus on acute allergen challenges where chronic inflammation and airway remodelling are absent. Chronic allergen(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity, a national epidemic, is one of the leading causes of preventable morbidity and mortality in the US. Pharmacists can play an integral role in weight management. Offering weight management services provides an opportunity to increase public awareness of pharmaceutical care and attract patients to pharmacy programs. OBJECTIVE To describe(More)
Lifelong substance abuse is often initiated during adolescence; yet, most pre-clinical research in this area has been conducted in adult animals. Substantial evidence exists that the brain development that continues throughout adolescence may result in pharmacological responses that differ in a crucial manner from those of adults. The goal of this study was(More)
Adolescence is associated with characteristic behavioral patterns as well as with substantial neuronal pruning and re-organization of the brain. Recent research has determined that the effects of various centrally active drugs differ in adolescents and adults. This study examined the motor effects of two prototypic antipsychotics in adult [>postnatal day 70(More)
The recent upsurge of research on adolescent rats raises the issue of the extent to which different methods of rodent procurement might affect results. Here, we examined the effects of acute and repeated dosing with two antipsychotics, haloperidol and clozapine, and Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol [Experiments 1 and 2, respectively] in adolescent rats of both(More)
PURPOSE Hyponatraemia is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the investigation and management of hyponatraemia and to assess the use of different therapeutic modalities and their effectiveness in routine practice. STUDY DESIGN This multicentre, retrospective, observational study was conducted(More)
Drug-induced psychosis resulted from the administration of quinacrine hydrochloride at a dosage of 100 mg twice daily for the treatment of discoid lupus. After two weeks of drug treatment, the patient exhibited symptoms similar to those seen in the manic phase of bipolar affective disorder. Although the incidence of antimalarial psychosis is unclear and(More)
Raf/MEK/Erk signaling is activated in the majority of acute myeloid leukemias (AMLs), providing rationale for targeting this pathway with therapeutic intent. We investigated growth-inhibitory and proapoptotic effects of sorafenib in AML. Our studies demonstrated that sorafenib significantly inhibited the phosphorylation levels of Raf downstream target(More)
The use of observational data, collected during the routine clinical care of patients, has been advocated as a means to obtain clinically relevant information regarding the pharmacokinetic parameters of drugs. However, the validity of this approach and its proper role in new drug development is unclear. This study was performed to evaluate the ability of(More)