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The P2Y14 receptor was initially identified as a G protein-coupled receptor activated by UDP-glucose and other nucleotide sugars. We have developed several cell lines that stably express the human P2Y14 receptor, allowing facile examination of its coupling to native Gi family G proteins and their associated downstream signaling pathways (J Pharmacol Exp(More)
Invasion of the subendothelial space by vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) contributes to the development and progression of diverse cardiovascular diseases. In this report we show that the expression of activated versions of Src, Cdc42 and Rac1, or a kinase-dead but open form of the p21-activated kinase (PAK1), induces primary rat aorta VSMCs to form(More)
By activating two distinct classes of effector enzymes, namely Protein Kinases A [PKA] or Exchange Proteins Activated by cAMP [EPAC], the ubiquitous second messenger cAMP selectively coordinates numerous events simultaneously in virtually all cells. Studies focused on dissecting the manner by which cAMP simultaneously regulates multiple cellular events have(More)
cAMP regulates integrin-dependent adhesions of vascular endothelial cells (VECs) to extracellular matrix proteins, their vascular endothelial cadherin-dependent intercellular adhesions, and their proliferation and migration in response to growth and chemotactic factors. Previously, we reported that cAMP-elevating agents differentially inhibited migration of(More)
Label-free systems for the agnostic assessment of cellular responses to receptor stimulation have been shown to provide a sensitive method to dissect receptor signaling. β-adenergic receptors (βAR) are important regulators of normal and pathologic cardiac function and are expressed in cardiomyocytes as well as cardiac fibroblasts, where relatively fewer(More)
Thyroid hormone receptors (TRs) are ligand-dependent transcription factors that bind to thyroid hormone response elements (TREs) to mediate positive and negative regulation of transcription of thyroid hormone-responsive genes. TR binding to TREs can be enhanced by interaction with a nuclear protein, triiodothyronine (T3) receptor auxiliary protein (TRAP).(More)
BACKGROUND Enhanced arginine vasopressin levels are associated with increased mortality during end-stage human heart failure, and cardiac arginine vasopressin type 1A receptor (V1AR) expression becomes increased. Additionally, mice with cardiac-restricted V1AR overexpression develop cardiomyopathy and decreased β-adrenergic receptor (βAR) responsiveness.(More)
G protein-coupled P2Y receptors (P2Y-R) are activated by adenine and uracil nucleotides. The P2Y(14) receptor (P2Y(14)-R) is activated by at least four naturally occurring UDP sugars, with UDP-glucose (UDP-Glc) being the most potent agonist. With the goal of identifying a competitive antagonist for the P2Y(14)-R, UDP was examined for antagonist activity in(More)
The development of tight junctions in fetal rat thyroid from the sixteenth to the twentieth days of gestation was examined with conventional ultrastructural methods and freeze-fracture preparations. These results were compared with those obtained using lanthanum hydroxide and horseradish peroxidase (HRP) tracers. Tight junctions appear to arise on the(More)
The L-α-lysophosphatidylinositol (LPI)-sensitive receptor GPR55 is coupled to Ca(2+) signaling. Low levels of GPR55 expression in the heart have been reported. Similar to other G protein-coupled receptors involved in cardiac function, GPR55 may be expressed both at the sarcolemma and intracellularly. Thus, to explore the role of GPR55 in cardiomyocytes, we(More)