Rhonda L. Carter

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The P2Y14 receptor was initially identified as a G protein-coupled receptor activated by UDP-glucose and other nucleotide sugars. We have developed several cell lines that stably express the human P2Y14 receptor, allowing facile examination of its coupling to native Gi family G proteins and their associated downstream signaling pathways (J Pharmacol Exp(More)
Recent studies confirm that intracellular cAMP concentrations are nonuniform and that localized subcellular cAMP hydrolysis by cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases (PDEs) is important in maintaining these cAMP compartments. Human phosphodiesterase 3B (HSPDE3B), a member of the PDE3 family of PDEs, represents the dominant particulate cAMP-PDE activity in(More)
By activating two distinct classes of effector enzymes, namely Protein Kinases A [PKA] or Exchange Proteins Activated by cAMP [EPAC], the ubiquitous second messenger cAMP selectively coordinates numerous events simultaneously in virtually all cells. Studies focused on dissecting the manner by which cAMP simultaneously regulates multiple cellular events have(More)
G protein-coupled P2Y receptors (P2Y-R) are activated by adenine and uracil nucleotides. The P2Y(14) receptor (P2Y(14)-R) is activated by at least four naturally occurring UDP sugars, with UDP-glucose (UDP-Glc) being the most potent agonist. With the goal of identifying a competitive antagonist for the P2Y(14)-R, UDP was examined for antagonist activity in(More)
The phosphate, uracil, and ribose moieties of uracil nucleotides were varied structurally for evaluation of agonist activity at the human P2Y(2), P2Y(4), and P2Y(6) receptors. The 2-thio modification, found previously to enhance P2Y(2) receptor potency, could be combined with other favorable modifications to produce novel molecules that exhibit high(More)
Invasion of the subendothelial space by vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) contributes to the development and progression of diverse cardiovascular diseases. In this report we show that the expression of activated versions of Src, Cdc42 and Rac1, or a kinase-dead but open form of the p21-activated kinase (PAK1), induces primary rat aorta VSMCs to form(More)
Eight G protein-coupled receptors comprise the P2Y receptor family of cell signaling proteins. The goal of the current study was to define native cell signaling pathways regulated by the uridine nucleotide sugar-activated P2Y(14) receptor (P2Y(14)-R). The P2Y(14)-R was stably expressed in human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 and C6 rat glioma cells by(More)
Thyroid hormone receptors (TR) are ligand-dependent transcription factors that are encoded as multiple isoforms on two genes. To date, no functional differences have been shown between the TR isoforms; however, the maintenance of alpha and beta genes during vertebrate evolution argues that functional differences do exist. We have localized a TR-binding site(More)
The P2Y(14) receptor, a nucleotide signaling protein, is activated by uridine-5'-diphosphoglucose 1 and other uracil nucleotides. We have determined that the glucose moiety of 1 is the most structurally permissive region for designing analogues of this P2Y(14) agonist. For example, the carboxylate group of uridine-5'-diphosphoglucuronic acid proved to be(More)
β-Adrenergic receptor (βAR)-mediated transactivation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) has been shown to relay pro-survival effects via unknown mechanisms. We hypothesized that acute βAR-mediated EGFR transactivation in the heart promotes differential subcellular activation of ERK1/2 and Akt, promoting cell survival through modulation of apoptosis.(More)