Learn More
BACKGROUND We previously used a three-dimensional (3D) reconstituted basement membrane (rBM) assay to demonstrate that tumorigenic HMT-3522 T4-2 human breast cells can be induced to form morphologically normal structures ("reversion") by treatment with inhibitors of beta1 integrin, the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), or mitogen-activated protein(More)
The presence or absence of estrogen receptor (ER) plays a key role in the diagnosis and treatment of breast tumors. It is known that patients with breast tumors classified as ER-positive have a better prognosis. Observations such as this have led us to explore the question of what makes some breast tumors overexpress ER whereas others express either very(More)
PURPOSE There is a continuing need for genetically matched cell systems to model cellular behaviors that are frequently observed in aggressive breast cancers. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We report here the isolation and initial characterization of a spontaneously arising variant of MCF-10A cells, NeoST, which provides a new model to study cell adhesion and signal(More)
The BLM helicase, a deficiency that markedly increases cancer incidence in humans, is required for optimal repair during DNA replication. We show that BLM rapidly moves from PML nuclear bodies to damaged replication forks, returning to PML bodies several hours later, owing to activities of the DNA damage response kinases ATR and ATM, respectively.(More)
The human coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor (CAR) represents the primary cellular site of adenovirus attachment during infection. An understanding of the mechanisms regulating its expression could contribute to improving efficacy and safety of adenovirus-based therapies. We characterized regulation of CAR expression in a 3D cell culture model of human(More)
The flavonoid quercetin inhibits the heat-induced synthesis of heat shock proteins (hsps) in a variety of cell lines. To determine whether quercetin could inhibit hsp expression in breast cancer cells, we used the human breast cancer cell line, MDA-MB-231. Treatment of these cells with quercetin decreased the heat-induced synthesis of hsp27 and hsp70.(More)
The changes in tissue architecture that accompany the development of breast cancer have been the focus of investigations aimed at developing new cancer therapeutics. As we learn more about the normal mammary gland, we have begun to understand the complex signaling pathways underlying the dramatic shifts in the structure and function of breast tissue.(More)
BACKGROUND Although the emerging complementary DNA (cDNA) array technology holds great promise to discern complex patterns of gene expression, its novelty means that there are no well-established standards to guide analysis and interpretation of the data that it produces. We have used preliminary data generated with the CLONTECH Atlas human cDNA array to(More)
Previously we demonstrated that heat shock protein 27 (hsp27) overexpression confers resistance to the chemotherapeutic agent doxorubicin in MDA–MB–231 breast cancer cells. Since induction of apoptosis is one underlying mechanism of chemotherapeutic drug action, we investigated the effect of hsp27 overexpression on doxorubicin–induced apoptosis, finding(More)
The small heat shock protein hsp27 is associated with aggressive tumor behavior in certain subsets of breast cancer patients. Previously we demonstrated that hsp27 overexpression in breast cancer cells increased in vitro and in vivo invasiveness, suggesting that hsp27 influences the metastatic process. To investigate this role for hsp27, we have utilized(More)