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Heart rates of northern elephant seals diving at sea and during apnoea on land were monitored to test whether a cardiac response to submergence is an important factor in their ability to make repetitive, long-duration dives. Seven juvenile northern elephant seals were captured at Año Nuevo, CA, instrumented and translocated to release sites around Monterey(More)
Heart rate and dive behaviour were monitored in double-crested cormorants (Phalacrocorax auritus) during shallow (1 m) and deep diving (12 m), after breathing different gas mixtures, to investigate the role of depth and the accompanying changes in blood gas levels in cardiac and behavioural control during voluntary diving. Pre-dive heart rate in both(More)
PURPOSE The on-board megavoltage (MV) computed tomography (CT) capabilities of a TomoTherapy Hi*ART unit were used to obtain daily MVCT images of prostate cancer patients. For patient alignment the daily MVCT image needs to be registered with the planning CT image to calculate couch shifts. Three manual techniques of registering the MVCT images with the(More)
Mathematical models and recordings of cloacal temperature suggest that leatherback turtles (Dermochelys coriacea) maintain core body temperature higher than ambient water temperature (T(W)) while freely swimming at sea. We investigated the thermoregulatory capabilities of free-ranging leatherbacks and, specifically, the effect that changes in diving(More)
Many techniques have been employed to measure metabolic and cardiovascular changes in diving marine mammals. Each of these methods has its advantages, but the methods also have drawbacks when applied to phocid seals. The aim of this study was to investigate heart rate and metabolic responses to diving in juvenile northern elephant seals that are not(More)
Few commercial products are available for investigators who wish to monitor multiple physiological and behavioral variables in unrestrained subjects. When telemetry is not practical, e.g., in studies of at-sea diving physiology, one of the only options is to design and build a custom data-logging instrument. This paper describes how a data logger was(More)
Elephant seals breathe episodically at sea and on land and surprisingly long apnoeas occur in both situations. An important difference is that recovery from apnoeic periods is much quicker at sea, which might be due, in part, to differences in the ventilatory response. Respiratory frequencies of juvenile northern elephant seals diving at sea and resting on(More)
We used visual observations during nine field seasons to determine the causes and death rate of Steller sea lions older than 1 year on eight rookeries in the Russian Far East. The average annual death rate was 0.48% of the total recorded Steller sea lions on shore and varied among rookeriesy. The mortality did not exceed 0.29% in six rookeries, but reached(More)
In 1996 there were 65,024 notifications to the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System. The record high number of Ross River virus infection notifications was of particular note. The highest rates were recorded in Western Australia, where an outbreak was documented in the South West, and in Queensland. Most cases occurred in the late summer and(More)
Heart rates were recorded from double-crested cormorant chicks during their first ever and subsequent voluntary head submergences and dives, as well as during longer dives made after the chicks were accustomed to diving. Despite variation between chicks, the cardiac response to first ever and subsequent voluntary submergence (head submergences and dives)(More)