Rhonda Beach

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OBJECTIVE To determine whether specific nutrient abnormalities occur in earlier stages of HIV-1 infection, thereby preceding the marked wasting and malnutrition that accompany later stages of the infection. DESIGN A longitudinal investigation to determine biological, psychological and social factors thought to influence the progression and outcome of(More)
To investigate the effects and reversibility of moderate prenatal zinc deprivation, pregnant mice were fed, beginning on day 7 of gestation, a diet containing either 100 ppm (control) or 5 ppm zinc; pair-fed controls were also studied. Nutritional manipulation was limited to the prenatal period. Zinc-deprived dams had significantly smaller litters than did(More)
Pregnant Swiss Webster mice were fed a diet moderately deficient in zinc from day 7 of gestation until parturition. Offspring of these mice showed depressed immune function through 6 months of age. In addition, the second and third filial generations, all of which were fed only the normal control diet, continued to manifest reduced immunocompetence,(More)
The effects of zinc deprivation upon the normal immunologic ontogeny of outbred N:NIH(S) mice was investigated by feeding lactating dams, from the day of parturition, and their pups to 8 weeks of age, a diet containing EDTA-washed isolated soy protein and 9 ppm (marginal zinc deficiency), 5 ppm (moderate zinc deficiency) or 2.5 ppm (severe zinc deficiency)(More)
Chemotherapeutic regimens frequently interact with and may influence nutritional factors. To determine the possible effects of zidovudine (ZDV) treatment on nutrient status, this study examined and compared the nutritional, immunological, and hematological status of asymptomatic, CDC stage III, HIV-1-seropositive males (n = 15) provided with ZDV (500-1,200(More)
Studies of cognitive function in subjects with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection who remain relatively asymptomatic (ie, Centers for Disease Control stages II and III) have provided widely variable estimates of cognitive impairment. In view of the finding that approximately 25% of asymptomatic HIV-1-infected subjects demonstrate either(More)
Nutritional deficiencies have been documented to affect immune function. The present study indicates that vitamin B6 deficiency is prevalent in CDC stage III HIV-1-infected subjects, despite adequate dietary vitamin B6 intake. As vitamin B6 deficiency has been previously shown to affect immune function, these relatively asymptomatic HIV-1-infected patients(More)
The influence of postnatal zinc deprivation upon the growth and development of outbred mice was investigated by feeding groups of animals, during the suckling period, one of four diets: 100 ppm zinc (control); 9 ppm zinc (marginal deficiency); 5 ppm zinc (moderate deficiency), and 2.5 ppm zinc (severe deficiency). In addition to control for inanition caused(More)