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The thymus is regarded as the primary site for T-cell lymphopoiesis, but very little is known about the lineage inter-relationships of cells within that organ. At least four subpopulations of mouse thymocytes can be defined on the basis of staining with monoclonal antibodies directed against the T-cell differentiation antigens Lyt-2 and L3T4 (ref. 2). Thus(More)
Fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 ligand (FLT3L) plays a major role in dendritic cell (DC) biology. Deficiency of FLT3L causes a dramatic decrease in DC numbers, whereas increasing its availability (by repetitive injections for 7-10 days) leads to a 10-fold increase in DC numbers. In this study, we show that FLT3L treatment indirectly leads to an expansion of(More)
Transgenic (TG) mice expressing a high copy number of interleukin (IL)-7 cDNA under the control of the major histocomaptability complex (MHC) class II promoter display a 10-20-fold increase in total T cell numbers. Here, we show that the increase in T cell numbers in IL-7 TG mice is most apparent at the level of memory phenotype CD44hi CD122hi CD8+ cells.(More)
A massive delayed type hypersensitivity (DTH) reaction occurs in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of mice with lymphocytic choriomeningitis (LCM). In this article, Peter Doherty and colleagues analyze this reaction together with the population dynamics of the regional lymph node to give a comprehensive picture of the events underlying this CD8+ T-cell-mediated(More)
The cell surface molecule CD44, thought to be a cell surface receptor for hyaluronic acid, is expressed by thymocytes and peripheral T cells. Following T cell activation with mitogens or antigens, surface expression of CD44 increases. This increase in CD44 cell surface expression has been used as a means of identifying memory T cells in vivo. In this(More)
During fetal life, CD4(+)CD3(-) lymphoid tissue inducer (LTi) cells are required for lymph node and Peyer's patch development in mice. In adult animals, CD4(+)CD3(-) cells are found in low numbers in lymphoid organs. Whether adult CD4(+)CD3(-) cells are LTi cells and are generated and maintained through cytokine signals has not been directly addressed. In(More)
A high incidence of severe lymphoproliferative disease was observed in a newly generated strain of mice carrying murine IL-7 as a transgene under the control of the E alpha (MHC class II) promoter. An analysis of the cells from lesions in these mice shows the selective expansion of cells at an early stage of B cell development and, more interestingly,(More)
The CD44 adhesion molecule is expressed by astrocytes, glial-type cells which exhibit features of accessory cells for immune responses in the central nervous system. In primary cultures of mouse astrocytes, we have observed that surface expression and mRNA levels of CD44 are induced following stimulation with either PMA, or tumor necrosis factor alpha plus(More)
CD1d-reactive natural killer T (NKT) cells with an invariant V alpha 14 rearrangement (V alpha 14i) are a distinct subset of T lymphocytes that likely have important immune-regulatory functions. Little is known regarding the factors responsible for their peripheral survival. Using alpha-galactosylceramide-containing CD1d tetramers to detect V alpha 14i NKT(More)
In mice, interleukin 7, although initially thought to be predominantly a cytokine acting on B cells, appears to have potent survival and growth activity during both B and T lymphopoiesis. Although acting on both lineages at the very immature stages, T cell differentiation becomes independent of IL-7 at the intermediate stages before regaining dependence on(More)