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Previously, we have shown that opioids acting via specific receptors inhibit the growth of human lung cancer cells while nicotine, acting through nicotinic acetylcholine receptors, reverses this inhibition. Therefore, we studied the role of apoptosis in these processes. Treatment of human lung cancer cells with 0.1-1 microM morphine or methadone resulted in(More)
Using specific ligands, we find that lung cancer cell lines of diverse histologic types express multiple, high-affinity (Kd = 10(-9)-10(-10) M) membrane receptors for mu, delta, and kappa opioid agonists and for nicotine and alpha-bungarotoxin. These receptors are biologically active because cAMP levels decreased in lung cancer cells after opioid and(More)
Human L-Dopa decarboxylase (L-aromatic amino acid decarboxylase, DDC) has been purified from pheochromocytoma tissue, a benign tumor of the catecholamine-synthesizing cells of the adrenal medulla. The binding characteristics of a new radiolabeled enzyme-activated suicide inhibitor of DDC ( [3H]monofluoromethyl-Dopa, [3H]MFMD) have been established, and the(More)
The well characterized human breast cancer cell line, MCF-7, has been shown to possess membrane receptors for various opioid ligands, and these compounds have been shown to modulate the growth of the cells in culture. Using specific radioligands for the receptor types, we were able to demonstrate that the MCF-7 cells possess multiple opioid receptor types.(More)
Methadone was found to significantly inhibit the in vitro and in vivo growth of human lung cancer cells. The in vitro growth inhibition (occurring at 1-100 nM methadone) was associated with changes in cell morphology and viability detectable within 1 hr and was irreversible after a 24-hr exposure to the drug. These effects of methadone could be reversed in(More)
Although nicotine has been implicated as a potential factor in the pathogenesis of human lung cancer, its mechanism of action in the development of this cancer remains largely unknown. The present study provides evidence that nicotine (a) activates the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase signalling pathway in lung cancer cells, specifically extracellular(More)
The effect of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) on growth of small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cell lines was studied. Western blot analysis of whole cell lysates of cell lines NCI-H345 and NCI-N417 demonstrated the presence of a 16-kD band consistent with an IGF-I precursor molecule. Scatchard plot analysis of cell line NCI-H345 using 125I-labeled IGF-I(More)
We have shown previously that cultured human lung cancer cells of different histologic types express multiple opioid receptors that can regulate their growth. In this report, we show that these cells also express specific, saturable, and high-affinity binding sites (Kd approximately 1 nM) for the non-opioid phencyclidine (PCP),(More)
Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF) exhibits cytotoxic activity on some solid tumors and has been reported to be synergistic with topoisomerase-II-targeted antineoplastic agents. A wide range of TNF concentrations (from 10 to 10,000 U/ml) was tested in 9 human lung cancer cell lines (5 small-cell and 4 non-small-cell carcinomas) using a semi-automated MTT(More)
The therapeutic opioid methadone, used to treat cancer pain and opioid addiction, is also a potent inducer of apoptosis in human lung cancer cells, thereby inhibiting their growth. However, in contrast to its central nervous system (CNS) actions, this effect appears to be mediated through a non-opioid mechanism involving bombesin, an autocrine(More)