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examined the cardiac autonomic response to daily variations in PM in 26 elderly (mean age 81) individuals for 3 consecutive weeks. Several standardized methods were used to measure 24-hr average PM concentrations prior to the clinical test inside (indoor PM2.5) and immediately outside (outdoor PM2.5 and PM2.5-10) of participants' residences. Resting,(More)
A two-day technical workshop was convened November 10-11, 1986, to discuss analytical approaches for determining trace amounts of cotinine in human body fluids resulting from passive exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS). The workshop, jointly sponsored by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and Centers for Disease Control, was attended by(More)
Incineration is currently being used for disposal of about 10% of the solid waste generated in the United States, and this percentage will likely increase as land disposal declines. Siting new incinerators, however, is often controversial because of concerns related to the possibility of adverse health effects and environmental contamination from long-term(More)
As part of the Integrated Air Cancer Project, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has conducted field emission measurement programs in Raleigh, North Carolina, and Boise, Idaho, to identify the potential mutagenic impact of residential wood burning and motor vehicles on ambient and indoor air. These studies included the collection of emission(More)
The U.S. EPA has conducted an evaluation of a commercially available lightweight fine particle personal sampler for use in human exposure and biomarker studies involving 24-h collections of particulate matter, particle-bound organics such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and semivolatile organics (PAHs). Independent laboratory evaluation of the(More)
The analysis of urine for dialkyl phosphate residues provides a measure of mammalian exposure to organophosphate pesticides. A method is presented for quantitative determination of six alkyl phosphate urinary metabolites. These metabolites are as follows: O,O-dimethyl phosphate, O,O-diethyl phosphate, O,O-dimethyl phosphorothionate, O,O-dimethyl(More)
Personal exposure monitoring was conducted for road paving workers in three states. A research objective was to characterize and compare occupational exposures to fine respirable particles (< 2.5 microns) and particle-bound polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) for road paving workers applying conventional (petroleum derived) asphalt and asphalt(More)
Humans, even babies, perceive causality when one shape moves briefly and linearly after another. Motion timing is crucial in this and causal impressions disappear with short delays between motions. However, the role of temporal information is more complex: it is both a cue to causality and a factor that constrains processing. It affects ability to(More)
The microsomal metabolites and mutagenic activity of four cyclopenta-fused benz(a)anthracenes, benz(j)aceanthrylene [B(j)A], benz(e)aceanthrylene [B(e)A], benz(l)aceanthrylene [B(l)A], and benz(k)acephenanthrylene [B(k)A], have been studied. Aroclor 1254-induced rat liver microsomes metabolized B(j)A to B(j)A-1,2-dihydrodiol, B(j)A-9,10-dihydrodiol,(More)