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The BZLF1 protein of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a key immediate-early protein which has been shown to disrupt virus latency in EBV-infected B cells. We have generated a monoclonal antibody, BZ1, to BZLF1 which reacts in immunohistology, immunoblotting, and immunoprecipitation and which recognizes both the active, dimeric form and the inactive, monomeric(More)
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infects both B lymphocytes and oropharyngeal epithelium, and it has been argued that the true reservoir of virus persistence in vivo is the self-renewing basal epithelial compartment. The identification of oral hairy leukoplakia (HL) of AIDS patients as a clinically apparent focus of EBV replication in lingual epithelium therefore(More)
A combination of Northern blotting and sequencing of clones from a cDNA library constructed using RNA isolated from oral hairy leukoplakia (OHL) has been used to study Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) gene expression in this AIDS-associated lesion, the only accessible source of in vivo-replicating EBV. Because of the limited amount of RNA available, Northern(More)
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and unfolded protein response (UPR) are involved in anti-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) drugs and alcohol-induced liver disease in a significant number of patients infected with HIV. However, the precise mechanism by which the drugs and alcohol cause ER stress remains elusive. We found that ritonavir-boosted lopinavir(More)
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