Learn More
Although the immunosuppressive drugs FK506, rapamycin and cyclosporin A have been reported to potentiate transcriptional activation mediated by a non-saturating concentration of the glucocorticoid receptor agonist dexamethasone, the precise mechanism(s) underlying these responses remains unclear. The murine L-929-derived LMCAT cell line stably transfected(More)
The suitability of mouse as an animal model for studying the glutathione S-transferase (GST)-mediated detoxification mechanisms has been studied by analyzing the expression of the alpha, mu, and pi classes of glutathione S-transferase isoenzymes in mouse brain, heart, kidney, spleen, liver, and muscle. Individual isoenzymes from each of these tissues have(More)
Glucocorticoids (GCs) induce apoptosis in lymphoid cells that contain functional GC receptors (GRs). However, GC resistance often is seen in cells with demonstrable GRs; one such line is CEM-C1. We have tested the hypothesis that positive interactions between GC and cyclic AMP (cAMP) regulate GC actions in CEM clones. Treatment of both GC-resistant CEM-C1(More)
Sensitivity to glucocorticoid (GC)-evoked apoptosis in lymphoid cell lines correlates closely with GC-mediated suppression of c-Myc expression. To establish a functional role for c-Myc in GC-mediated apoptosis, we have stably expressed MycER(TM), the human c-Myc protein fused to the modified ligand-binding domain of the murine estrogen receptor alpha, in(More)
Physiological cell turnover plays an important role in maintaining normal tissue function and architecture. This is achieved by the dynamic balance of cellular regeneration and elimination, occurring periodically in tissues such as the uterus and mammary gland, or at constant rates in tissues such as the gastrointestinal tract and adipose tissue. Apoptosis(More)
The primary structure of glutathione S-transferase (GST) pi from a single human placenta was determined. The structure was established by chemical characterization of tryptic and cyanogen bromide peptides as well as automated sequence analysis of the intact enzyme. The structural analysis indicated that the protein is comprised of 209 amino acid residues(More)
Three closely related clones of leukemic lymphoid CEM cells were compared for their gene expression responses to the glucocorticoid dexamethasone (Dex). All three contained receptors for Dex, but only two responded by undergoing apoptosis. After a time of exposure to Dex that ended late in the interval preceding onset of apoptosis, gene microarray analyses(More)
BACKGROUND Synthetic GCs serve as therapeutic agents for some lymphoid leukemias because of their ability to induce transcriptional changes via the GC receptor (GR) and trigger apoptosis. Upregulation of the BH3-only member of Bcl-2 family proteins, Bim, has been shown to be essential for GC-evoked apoptosis of leukemic lymphoblasts. Using human T cell(More)
Glucocorticoids are well-known apoptotic agents in certain classes of lymphoid cell malignancies. Reduction of intracellular polyamine levels by use of inhibitors that block polyamine synthesis slows or inhibits growth of many cells in vitro. Several such inhibitors have shown efficacy in clinical trials, though the toxicity of some compounds has limited(More)
S-(2,4-dinitrophenyl)glutathione (Dnp-SG) ATPase of human erythrocytes has been purified to apparent homogeneity by affinity chromatography. In reduced denaturing gels, the subunit Mr value of Dnp-SG ATPase was found to be 38,000. Dinitrophenyl glutathione (Dnp-SG) stimulated the hydrolysis of ATP by the purified enzyme whereas oxidized glutathione (GSSG)(More)