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The human opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain PA14 infects both plants and animals. Previously, using plants to screen directly for P. aeruginosa virulence-attenuated mutants, we identified a locus, pho34B12, relevant in mammalian pathogenesis. Here, nonsense point mutations in the two opposing ORFs identified in the pho34B12 locus revealed(More)
Xenopus laevis obtained from indigenous African populations are a rich source of mutants affecting development. Gynogenesis and inbreeding were used to isolate mutants affecting development from wild-caught Xenopus laevis females. Fourteen mutants were recovered from eight females tested. One mutant was recovered from each of two females. This load of 1.875(More)
The thesis that lymphocytes originate in situ by the direct transformation of epithelial cells within the thymic primordium in anurous frogs is untenable. On the contrary, in both the leopard frog and the African clawed toad, the lymphocytes that first appear in the embryonic thymus are derived from extrathymic lymphopoietic cells that invaded the(More)
The morphological development of retinal ganglion cells was examined in a tetraploid strain of Xenopus frogs. The enlarged cells of the tetraploid strain facilitate the application of intracellular techniques. Using an in vitro retinal preparation and Nomarski optics, intracellular recording and dye injection were carried out under visual control on(More)
Normal Xenopus laevis embryos begin movements at 1 day after fertilization. Embryos homozygous for the unresponsive mutation fail to move until 4 days after fertilization (just prior to feeding), after which they recover slowly. Electrophysiological studies were undertaken to determine the focus of this mutation. Formamide treatment of normal embryos was(More)
Insulin resistance is a major effect of burn injury and insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) plays an important role in signal transduction. Here, we explored the integrity of IRS-1 in muscle after burn injury. A murine model of severe burn injury was used to explore IRS-1 integrity/degradation in muscle and to map Ser/Thr phosphorylations which represent(More)
Morphological aspects of four different groups of Golgi impregnated brain cells from a tetraploid strain of Xenopus laevis frogs were compared to analogous cells in comparably sized diploid frogs. The cells examined included neurons from the telencephalon, caudal hypothalamus, and optic tectum, and radial glial cells from the optic tectum. The brains of(More)