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The ion channels expressed by T lymphocytes play key roles in the control of the membrane potential and calcium signaling, thereby affecting signal transduction pathways that lead to the activation of these cells following antigenic stimulation. Disruption of these pathways can attenuate or prevent the response of T-cells to antigenic challenge resulting in(More)
Using the patch-clamp technique, we determined that Pandinus imperator scorpion venom blocked whole-cell n-type K+ currents in human peripheral blood lymphocytes in a dose-dependent manner with Kd = 0.02 microgram/ml. K+ channel block was instantaneous and removable by washing with venom-free extracellular solution. The venom-induced block was independent(More)
The physiological function of T lymphocytes can be modulated selectively by peptide toxins acting on Kv1.3 K(+) channels. Because Kv1.3-specific peptide toxins are considered to have a significant therapeutic potential in the treatment of autoimmune diseases, the discovery of new toxins is highly motivated. Through chromatographic procedures and(More)
Cationic liposomes complexed with DNA have been used extensively as non-viral vectors for the intracellular delivery of reporter or therapeutic genes in culture and in vivo. We examined the relationship between the characteristics of the lipoplexes, their mode of interaction with monocytic THP-1 cells and their ability to transfect these cells. We(More)
During the last two decades since the identification and characterization of T cell potassium channels great advances have been made in the understanding of the role of these channels in T cell functions, especially in antigen-induced activation. Their limited tissue distribution and the recent discovery that different T cell subtypes carrying out distinct(More)
Tumor accumulation and therapeutic activity of Stealth liposomes loaded with doxorubicin (DXR) were examined in Balb/c nude mice xenografts inoculated subcutaneously with the human small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cell line, H69. Mice were treated with non-targeted liposomes (SL) or liposomes targeted with antagonist G coupled to the liposome surface (SLG).(More)
Membrane proteins of cytotoxic T cells specifically reorganize to form an immunological synapse (IS) on interaction with their specific target. In this paper, we investigated the redistribution of Kv1.3 channels, which are the dominant voltage-gated potassium channels, in the plasma membrane of allogen-activated human cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) on(More)
Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II molecules displayed clustered patterns at the surfaces of T (HUT-102B2) and B (JY) lymphoma cells characterized by interreceptor distances in the micrometer range as detected by scanning force microscopy of immunogold-labeled antigens. Electron microscopy revealed that a fraction of the MHC class II molecules(More)
Subunits (alpha, beta and gamma) of the interleukin-2 receptor complex (IL-2R) are involved in both proliferative and activation-induced cell death (AICD) signaling of T cells. In addition, the signaling beta and gamma chains are shared by other cytokines (e.g. IL-7, IL-9, IL-15). However, the molecular mechanisms responsible for recruiting/sorting the(More)
The Kv1.3 potassium channel that belongs to the Shaker family of voltage-gated K+ channels plays a crucial role in the mitogenic response of T cells. Because it spans the cell membrane its function can be influenced by lipid–protein interactions. In order to study the effect of lipid–protein interactions on the functioning of Kv1.3 we manipulated the(More)