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Minimum foot clearance (MFC) is the minimum vertical distance between the lowest point of the foot of the swing leg and the walking surface during the swing phase of the gait cycle. MFC is a gait variable that is linked to the mechanism of a trip because reduced MFC for a given step during walking increases the susceptibility to tripping on an unseen(More)
This paper models minimum foot clearance (MFC) data during steady-state gait to investigate how the various descriptive statistics of the MFC distribution differ in healthy young and elderly females. A minimum of 20min of treadmill walking was analysed for 17 young and 16 elderly females using a Peak Motus motion analysis system. The results indicated that(More)
This paper investigated application of a machine learning approach (Support vector machine, SVM) for the automatic recognition of gait changes due to ageing using three types of gait measures: basic temporal/spatial, kinetic and kinematic. The gaits of 12 young and 12 elderly participants were recorded and analysed using a synchronized PEAK motion analysis(More)
Trip related falls are a prevalent problem in the elderly. Early identification of at-risk gait can help prevent falls and injuries. The main aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a wavelet based multiscale analysis of a gait variable [minimum foot clearance (MFC)] in comparison to MFC histogram plot analysis in extracting features for(More)
Our mobility is an important daily requirement so much so that any disruption to it severely degrades our perceived quality of life. Studies in gait and human movement sciences, therefore, play a significant role in maintaining the well-being of our mobility. Current gait analysis involves numerous interdependent gait parameters that are difficult to(More)
The consequence of tripping and falling in the elderly population is serious because of the life threatening fractures which occur and the high medical costs incurred. Recently, the minimum toe clearance (MTC) has been employed in gait analysis as a sensitive gait variable for early detection of elderly people at risk of falling. In previous work, we(More)
Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is a common disorder that afflicts people across all age groups, and results in various degrees of knee pain. The diagnosis of PFPS is difficult since the exact biomechanical factors and the extent to which they are affected by the disorder are still unknown. Recent research has reported significant statistical(More)
Although lower limb strength becomes asymmetrical with age, past studies of aging effects on gait biomechanics have usually analyzed only one limb. This experiment measured how aging and treadmill surface influenced both dominant and nondominant step parameters in older (mean 74.0 y) and young participants (mean 21.9 y). Step-cycle parameters were obtained(More)
Ageing influences gait patterns causing constant threats to control of locomotor balance. Automated recognition of gait changes has many advantages including, early identification of at-risk gait and monitoring the progress of treatment outcomes. In this paper, we apply an artificial intelligence technique [support vector machines (SVM)] for the automatic(More)
Foot plantar pressure is the pressure field that acts between the foot and the support surface during everyday locomotor activities. Information derived from such pressure measures is important in gait and posture research for diagnosing lower limb problems, footwear design, sport biomechanics, injury prevention and other applications. This paper reviews(More)