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0264-2751/$ see front matter 2008 Elsevier Ltd. A doi:10.1016/j.cities.2008.11.005 * Corresponding author. Tel.: +98 545 2224264. E-mail address: rzarafiee@yahoo.com (R. Rafiee). Mashad is the capital city of Khorasan Razavi Province, in the North East of Iran. The city has witnessed rapid growth in the last two decades, mostly because of its economic,(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS First-degree relatives of gastric cancer patients are at risk for developing precancerous conditions. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential of biomarkers pepsinogen I (PGI), pepsinogen II (PGII), their ratio (PG I:II), as well as gastrin 17 for screening of precancerous conditions and corpus predominant gastritis. (More)
OBJECTIVES Studies on gastric mucosal histological findings among first degree relatives (FDR) of gastric cancer (GC) patients are scarce. The aim is to evaluate the topography and the severity of gastritis among FDR of GC patients. DESIGN A total of 989 subjects who were FDR of GC patients, ages 40-65 years underwent gastroscopies. When no gross lesion(More)
The distal third of the tibia, ankle and heel area is difficult to reconstruct. For small to medium size defects, local flaps are often an easier alternative than free flap. In lower limb surgery, the sural flap is based on this principle and this flap is becoming increasingly popular. The distally based superficial sural artery flap, first described as a(More)
Although CH4 oxidation in landfill soil covers is widely studied, the extent of composting and CH4 oxidation in underlying waste layers has been speculated but not measured. The objective of this study was to develop and validate a mass balance model to estimate the simultaneous rates of anaerobic digestion (rAD), CH4 oxidation (rOX) and composting (rCOM)(More)
Serum iron concentrations were determined in the first nine days after onset of chest pain in 12 patients with acute myocardial infarction and in four patients with ischemia. Iron concentrations were low in the first five to seven days in the patients with acute myocardial infarction; the lowest being in the first two days. However, in those with ischemia(More)
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