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Increased oxidative stress has been suggested to be involved in the pathogenesis and progression of diabetic tissue damage. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of different phosphodiesterase inhibitors on lipid peroxidation and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) of plasma in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats (Rattus norvegicus). Rats became(More)
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic condition of the intestine with unknown etiology involving multiple immune, genetic and environmental factors. We were interested to examine the effect of total extract from Zataria multiflora Boiss, a folk medicinal plant on prevention and treatment of experimental IBD. Z. multiflora was administered (400, 600,(More)
BACKGROUND Satureja Khuzestanica is an endemic plant of Iran that is widely distributed in the southern part of the country. It is famous for its medical uses as an analgesic and antiseptic in folk medicine. The present study was designed to explore the toxicological and pharmacological effects of essential oil of Satureja Khuzestanica (SKEO) in vivo. (More)
ABSTRACT Diazinon, an organophosphate (OP) insecticide, is widely used in agriculture and domestically. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) caused by OPs are involved in the toxicity of various pesticides. The aim of the present study was to analyze the role of diazinon in inducing oxidative stress in adult male Wistar rats and to evaluate the possible protective(More)
PURPOSE Regarding reported antidiabetic effect of Satureja khuzestanica essential oil (SKEO) and important role of liver on body glucose metabolism by glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis, we were interested to examine effect of SKEO treatment on rat hepatic key enzymes of glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis in vivo. METHODS Effective antidiabetic dose of(More)
Experimental findings suggest a protective role for cyclic nucleotides against induction of oxidative stress in saliva. Oxidative stress is a major contributor to the pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases. This study was conducted to evaluate salivary oxidative stress along with cGMP and cAMP levels in periodontitis subjects. cAMP and cGMP are second(More)
This study was undertaken to study the effect of Satureja khuzestanica essential oil (SKEO) in male rat fertility. SKEO was administered orally at doses of 75, 150, and 225 mg/kg/day for 45 days through drinking water. Treated and control rats were mated with female on day 45 of treatment. SKEO significantly improved all the parameters evaluated such as(More)
ABSTRACT Nigella sativa Linn. (family Ranunculaceae), commonly known as black cumin, is native to the Mediterranean area and has been used for thousands of years as a health and beauty aid. The present study investigated the protective effects of Nigella sativa (NS) extract (NSE) and oil (NSO) on CCl(4)-induced nitrosative stress and protein oxidation in(More)
The essential oil from Satureja Khuzestanica Jamzad (SKEO), an endemic plant from Iran, was evaluated for its activity against inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). SKEO was examined on the experimental mouse model of inflammatory bowel disease, which is acetic acid-induced colitis. Prednisolone was used as the standard drug for comparison. Biochemical,(More)
The effects of morphine, 1-aminocyclobutane-cis-1,3-dicarboxylic (ACBD; NMDA agonist) and 3-((R)2-carboxypiperazin-4-yl)-propyl-l-phosphoric acid (CPP; NMDA antagonist) and their concurrent therapy on rat submandibular secretory function were studied. Pure submandibular saliva was collected intraorally by micro polyethylene cannula from anaesthetized rats(More)