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Helicobacter pylori-associated infections are extremely common in Iran, but few data about antibiotic sensitivity of H. pylori are available for this region. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of resistance in isolates against commonly used antibiotics in Eastern Azerbaijan, Iran, and the dependence of prevalence on the sex and age(More)
PURPOSE Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common nosocomial infection among hospitalized patients. Meanwhile, most frequent infections involving enterococci affect the urinary tract. The aims of this study were to investigate the susceptibility pattern of isolated enterococci from UTI and the prevalence of virulence genes. METHODS The study used(More)
AIM The aim of this study was to investigate anaerobic and aerobic bacteria profile and determination of antibiotic susceptibility pattern in aerobic bacteria. METHOD Specimens were cultured using optimal aerobic and anaerobic microbiological techniques. Identification of bacterial isolates was performed by standard microbiological methods and antibiotic(More)
BACKGROUND The empirical therapy of urinary tract infections (UTI) relies on the predictability of the agents causing UTI and knowledge of their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns. METHODS In a prospective study undertaken over a 14-month period, 5136 samples from patients suspected of having a UTI were analyzed, of which 676 were culture-positive.(More)
Inflammation plays a major role in coronary artery disease (CAD). Currently, it is unclear, whether Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is associated with the risk of the atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of anti- CMV antibodies in CAD and non CAD patients undergoing artery bypass surgery. Sera from 157 patients who(More)
Helicobacter pylori-associated infection is extremely common in Iran, as in other developing countries, but few data exist on the susceptibility of H. pylori to antimicrobials commonly used in the eradication schedules in this country. This study was performed to determine the resistance rate to six antimicrobial agents used in the treatment of H. pylori(More)
Recent data indicates an increasing rate of vancomycin resistance in clinical enterococcal isolates worldwide. The nosocomial enterococci are likely to harbor virulence elements that increase their ability to colonize hospitalized patients. The aim of this study was to characterize virulence determinants in vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) obtained(More)
AIM To review previous studies (the last 6 years) about the Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) antibiotic resistance in order to evaluate the trend in antibiotic resistance. METHODS In this study, the PubMed, MEDLINE, Science Direct, Google Scholar and Scielo manuscripts were reviewed from 2009 to 2014. RESULTS On the whole rates of H. pylori antibiotic(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this research was to analyze cagA and vacA genotypes status in H. pylori isolates and relationship with clinical outcomes. METHODS Gastric biopsy specimens were cultured for H. pylori isolation and cagA and vacA genes were detected in these isolates. Data were collected and the results were analyzed using χ2 and Fishers exact tests(More)
Meningitis is one of the hazardous and life threatening infections and is associated with mortality and morbidity. The aim of this study was to determine etiological agents of childhood bacterial meningitis. The culture, Gram staining, agglutination and PCR assays were used to examine CSF specimens from 277 patients with presumed bacterial meningitis for(More)