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Little is known about how salinity affects ions distribution in root apoplast and symplast. Using x-ray microanalysis, ions distribution and the relative contribution of apoplastic and symplastic pathways for delivery of ions to root xylem were studied in sunflower plants exposed to moderate salinity (EC = 6). Cortical cells provided a considerably extended(More)
Lagrangian-Eulerian numerical scheme for the investigation of bubble motion in turbulent flow is developed. The flow is analyzed in the Eulerian reference frame while the bubble motion is simulated in the Lagrangian one. Finite volume scheme is used, and SIMPLEC algorithm is utilized for the pressure and velocity linkage. The Reynolds stresses are modeled(More)
this study, combustion in a 5kW porous burner is simulated. The two dimensional Navier-Stokes, the energy and the chemical species transport equations are solved and a multistep kinetics mechanism (5 reactions and 7 species) is employed. Finite volume method is used for simulation. Thermal nonequilibrium is accounted for gas and solid temperature and(More)
We propose novel techniques to find the optimal location, size, and power factor of distributed generation (DG) to achieve the maximum loss reduction for distribution networks. Determining the optimal DG location and size is achieved simultaneously using the energy loss curves technique for a pre-selected power factor that gives the best DG operation. Based(More)
computational scheme is used to study the bubble trajectories. The 2D averaged Navier stokes equations are solved. The SIMPLEC algorithm is used to relate the pressure to velocity. A one-way coupling is assumed and the effects of the bubbles on carrier flow are neglected. The bubble equation of motion includes the drag, buoyancy, pressure gradient, Saffman(More)
—A fully differential low-power down-conversion mixer using a TSMC 0.18-µm CMOS process is presented in this paper. The proposed mixer is based on a folded double-balanced Gilbert cell topology that enhances conversion gain and reduces power dissipation. Though, this mixer is designed for 5.8 GHz ISM band applications, but at 0.5-7.5 GHz, the proposed mixer(More)
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