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PURPOSE To achieve whole-heart coronary magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) with (1.0 mm)(3) spatial resolution and 5 min of free-breathing scan time. METHODS We used an electrocardiograph-gated, T2-prepared and fat-saturated balanced steady state free precession sequence with 3DPR trajectory for free-breathing data acquisition with 100% gating(More)
Valvular aortic stenosis is the second most prevalent adult valve disease in the United States and causes progressive pressure overload, invariably leading to life-threatening complications. Surgical aortic valve replacement and, more recently, transcatheter aortic valve replacement effectively relieve the hemodynamic burden and improve the symptoms and(More)
The left atrial appendage (LAA) is a finger-like extension originating from the main body of the left atrium. Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common clinically important cardiac arrhythmia, occurring in approximately 0.4% to 1% of the general population and increasing with age to >8% in those >80 years of age. In the presence of AF thrombus, formation(More)
To evaluate the diagnostic performance of automated coronary atherosclerotic plaque quantification (QCT) by different users (expert/non-expert/automatic). One hundred fifty coronary artery segments from 142 patients who underwent coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) were analyzed. Minimal lumen area (MLA),(More)
Peptide toxins are invaluable tools for studying the structure and physiology of ion channels. Pseudechetoxin (PsTx) is the first known peptide toxin that targets cyclic nucleotide-gated (CNG) ion channels, which play a critical role in sensory transduction in the visual and olfactory systems. PsTx inhibited channel currents at low nM concentrations when(More)
PURPOSE Subendocardial dark-rim artifacts (DRAs) remain a major concern in first-pass perfusion (FPP) myocardial MRI and may lower the diagnostic accuracy for detection of ischemia. A major source of DRAs is the "Gibbs ringing" effect. We propose an optimized radial acquisition strategy aimed at eliminating ringing-induced DRAs in FPP. THEORY AND METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Coronary CT angiography (CTA) has emerged as an effective noninvasive method for direct visualization of the coronary arteries, with high diagnostic performance compared with invasive coronary angiography (ICA). However, coronary CTA is prone to artifacts, including coronary motion, which may reduce its diagnostic performance. Intracycle motion(More)
PURPOSE To assess whether gradations of left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (LVEF) and volumes measured with coronary computed tomography (CT) would augment risk stratification and discrimination for incident mortality. MATERIALS AND METHODS This study was approved by the institutional review board, and informed consent was obtained when required.(More)
UNLABELLED We compared the performance of fully automated quantification of attenuation-corrected (AC) and noncorrected (NC) myocardial perfusion SPECT (MPS) with the corresponding performance of experienced readers for detection of coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS Rest-stress (99m)Tc-sestamibi MPS studies (n = 995; 650 consecutive cases with(More)
UNLABELLED Holt-Oram (HO) is a syndrome characterized by congenital cardiovascular malformations, specifically atrial and ventricular septal defects, and skeletal abnormalities of the upper limbs bones. Associations of HO cardiac disorders with other congenital cardiac malformations, specifically persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) are rarely(More)