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From a mouse liver microsomal system, we have isolated and identified a methemoglobin-forming metabolite of primaquine (PQ). Evidence has been found for both O-dealkylation and hydroxylation of PQ to form a metabolite, 5,6-dihydroxy-8-(4-amino-1-methylbutylamino)quinoline, which is highly active in forming methemoglobin in both normal and(More)
A number of hydroxy analogues of the antimalarial drug primaquine [8-[(4-amino-1-methylbutyl)amino]-6-methoxyquinoline] were synthesized and characterized by 1H NMR and mass spectra. Several of the compounds were found to be active in forming methemoglobin in human erythrocytes, particularly in those from glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficient(More)
Some of the most effective antimalarial agents are derivatives of 8-aminoquinoline. The metabolic products of many of these compounds appear to be toxic to the erythrocytes of certain human subjects, especially those deficient in glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase. Although a number of studies have been conducted over many years, the metabolism of most of(More)
Ellagic acid (EA) is a plant phenolic compound with postulated antimutagenic and anticarcinogenic activity. In this study, explants of esophagus, forestomach, colon, bladder, trachea, lung and liver from male Sprague-Dawley rats (130-140 g) were incubated in culture medium containing [3H]EA (20 microM, 4.5 microCi/ml) for 24 h at 37 degrees C. After(More)
1. Primaquine (PQ) often causes severe anaemia in individuals with glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficient erythrocytes, and metabolites have been implicated as the toxic substance. These studies present data identifying additional metabolites of PQ. 2. Two metabolites of primaquine (PQ) previously identified in human studies, namely,(More)
Root absorption of chiral phenyl-35S-fonofos in cotton and corn plants revealed stereoselective differences between the two enantiomers. (S)p-Fonofos was absorbed at a faster initial rate and to a greater extent than the (R)p enantiomer in both plant species. Approximately 40% and 62% of the applied radioactivity was absorbed into the cotton plant 12 hr(More)