Reynold A. Panettieri

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Although murine X-linked muscular dystrophy (mdx) and Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) are genetically homologous and both characterized by a complete absence of dystrophin, the limb muscles of adult mdx mice suffer neither the detectable weakness nor the progressive degeneration that are features of DMD. Here we show that the mdx mouse diaphragm exhibits(More)
Asthma is a disease of airway inflammation and hyperreactivity that is associated with a lymphocytic infiltrate in the bronchial submucosa. The interactions between infiltrating T lymphocytes with cellular and extracellular matrix components of the airway and the consequences of these interactions have not been defined. We demonstrate the constitutive(More)
We examined the influence of two common polymorphic forms of the beta(2)-adrenergic receptor (beta(2)AR): the Gly16 and Glu27 alleles, on acute and long-term beta(2)AR desensitization in human airway smooth muscle (HASM) cells. In cells from 15 individuals, considered without respect to genotype, pretreatment with Isoproterenol (ISO) at 10(-7) M for 1 h or(More)
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory respiratory disease that affects over 300 million people worldwide. Glucocorticoids are a mainstay therapy for asthma because they exert anti-inflammatory effects in multiple lung tissues, including the airway smooth muscle (ASM). However, the mechanism by which glucocorticoids suppress inflammation in ASM remains poorly(More)
The differential regulation of pulmonary surfactant proteins (SPs) is demonstrated in a murine model of Aspergillus fumigatus (Af )-induced allergic airway inflammation and hyperresponsiveness. BALB/c mice were sensitized intraperitoneally and challenged intranasally with Af extract. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay analysis of serum immunoglobulin (Ig)(More)
The bioactive sphingolipid sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) that is increased in airways of asthmatic subjects markedly induced contraction of human airway smooth muscle (HASM) cells embedded in collagen matrices in a Gi-independent manner. Dihydro-S1P, which binds to S1P receptors, also stimulated contractility. S1P induced formation of stress fibers,(More)
beta2-Adrenergic receptors (beta2ARs) are important regulators of airway smooth muscle tone, and beta-sympathomimetic drugs are the most widely used agents in asthma therapy and are universally recognized as the treatment of choice for acute asthma attacks. Despite the clinical importance of beta-agonists and a good understanding of their mechanism of(More)
Angiogenesis is an important feature of airway remodeling in both chronic asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Airways in those conditions are exposed to excessive mechanical strain during periods of acute exacerbations. We recently reported that mechanical strain of human airway smooth muscle (HASM) led to an increase in their(More)
BACKGROUND During pregnancy asthma may remain stable, improve or worsen. The factors underlying the deleterious effect of pregnancy on asthma remain unknown. Oxytocin is a neurohypophyseal protein that regulates a number of central and peripheral responses such as uterine contractions and milk ejection. Additional evidence suggests that oxytocin regulates(More)
γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system, and exerts its actions via both ionotropic (GABA(A)) and metabotropic (GABA(B)) receptors. Although the functional expression of GABA(B) receptors coupled to the G(i) protein was reported for airway smooth muscle, the role of GABA(B) receptors in(More)