Reynold A. Panettieri

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Although murine X-linked muscular dystrophy (mdx) and Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) are genetically homologous and both characterized by a complete absence of dystrophin, the limb muscles of adult mdx mice suffer neither the detectable weakness nor the progressive degeneration that are features of DMD. Here we show that the mdx mouse diaphragm exhibits(More)
We measured the time course and heterogeneity of responses to contractile and relaxing agonists in individual human airway smooth muscle (HASM) cells in culture. To this end, we developed a microrheometer based on magnetic twisting cytometry adapted with a novel optical detection system. Ferromagnetic beads (4.5 microm) coated with Arg-Gly-Asp peptide were(More)
Although the cellular functions of TSC2 and its protein product, tuberin, are not known, somatic mutations in the TSC2 tumor suppressor gene are associated with tumor development in lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM). We found that ribosomal protein S6 (S6), which exerts translational control of protein synthesis and is required for cell growth, is(More)
We previously demonstrated that cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR) elicits Ca2+ release in airway smooth muscle (ASM) cells through ryanodine receptor channels. CD38 is a cell surface protein that catalyzes the synthesis and degradation of cADPR. In inflammatory diseases such as asthma, augmented Ca2+ responses and Ca2+ sensitivity contribute to increased ASM(More)
beta2-Adrenergic receptors (beta2ARs) are important regulators of airway smooth muscle tone, and beta-sympathomimetic drugs are the most widely used agents in asthma therapy and are universally recognized as the treatment of choice for acute asthma attacks. Despite the clinical importance of beta-agonists and a good understanding of their mechanism of(More)
Despite recent studies depicting the capacity of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) to activate mitogenic signaling pathways more commonly associated with receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs), little is known regarding the interactive effects of GPCR and RTK activation on cell growth and signal transduction. Such interactions likely mediate the physiologic(More)
The cysteinyl leukotrienes (CysLTs) mimic many of the features of asthma and are implicated in its pathophysiology. Little, however, is known about the effects of the CysLTs on airways remodeling. In this study the effects of leukotriene D4 (LTD4) on human airway smooth muscle (HASM) cell proliferation and expression of extracellular matrix proteins were(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated that tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha stimulates the secretion of interleukin (IL)-6 and regulated on activation, normal T cells expressed and secreted (RANTES) from airway smooth muscle (ASM) cells, with the induction of each molecule being differentially regulated (IL-6 increased, RANTES inhibited) by cyclic adenosine(More)
Asthma is frequently associated with abnormal airway smooth muscle (ASM) growth that may contribute to airway narrowing and hyperresponsiveness to contractile agents. Although numerous hormones and cytokines have been shown to induce human ASM (HASM) proliferation, the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying HASM hyperplasia are largely unknown. Here(More)