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Expression of the gene cluster icaADBC is necessary for biofilm production in Staphylococcus epidermidis. The ica operon is negatively controlled by the repressor IcaR. Here, the crystal structure of IcaR was determined and the refined structure revealed a homodimer comprising entirely alpha-helices, typical of the tetracycline repressor protein family for(More)
Octaprenyl pyrophosphate synthase (OPPs) catalyzes consecutive condensation reactions of farnesyl pyrophosphate (FPP) with isopentenyl pyrophosphate (IPP) to generate C40 octaprenyl pyrophosphate (OPP), which constitutes the side chain of bacterial ubiquinone or menaquinone. In this study, the first structure of long chain C40-OPPs from Thermotoga maritima(More)
We report the discovery of a series of new drug leads that have potent activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis as well as against other bacteria, fungi, and a malaria parasite. The compounds are analogues of the new tuberculosis (TB) drug SQ109 (1), which has been reported to act by inhibiting a transporter called MmpL3, involved in cell wall(More)
We report the first X-ray crystal structure of ent-kaur-16-ene synthase from Bradyrhizobium japonicum, together with the results of a site-directed mutagenesis investigation into catalytic activity. The structure is very similar to that of the α domains of modern plant terpene cyclases, a result that is of interest since it has been proposed that many plant(More)
d-Psicose 3-epimerase (DPEase) is demonstrated to be useful in the bioproduction of d-psicose, a rare hexose sugar, from d-fructose, found plenty in nature. Clostridium cellulolyticum H10 has recently been identified as a DPEase that can epimerize d-fructose to yield d-psicose with a much higher conversion rate when compared with the conventionally used(More)
Helicobacter pylori colonizes the human gastric epithelium and causes diseases such as gastritis, peptic ulcers, and stomach cancer. Undecaprenyl pyrophosphate synthase (UPPS), which catalyzes consecutive condensation reactions of farnesyl pyrophosphate with eight isopentenyl pyrophosphate to form lipid carrier for bacterial peptidoglycan biosynthesis,(More)
Vaccinia virus envelope protein A27 has multiple functions and is conserved in the Orthopoxvirus genus of the poxvirus family. A27 protein binds to cell surface heparan sulfate, provides an anchor for A26 protein packaging into mature virions, and is essential for egress of mature virus (MV) from infected cells. Here, we crystallized and determined the(More)
Cellulase 12A from Thermotoga maritima (TmCel12A) is a hyperthermostable β-1,4-endoglucanase. We recently determined the crystal structures of TmCel12A and its complexes with oligosaccharides. Here, by using site-directed mutagenesis, the role played by Arg60 and Tyr61 in a unique surface loop of TmCel12A was investigated. The results are consistent with(More)
The alkaline xylanase Xyn11A-LC from the alkalophilic Bacillus sp. SN5 was expressed in E. coli, purified and crystallized. The crystal structure was determined at a resolution of 1.49 Å. Xyn11A-LC has the β-jelly roll structure typical of family 11 xylanases. To improve its thermostability and thermophilicity, a mutant SB3 was constructed by introducing(More)
1,3-1,4-β-d-Glucanase has been widely used as a feed additive to help non-ruminant animals digest plant fibers, with potential in increasing nutrition turnover rate and reducing sanitary problems. Engineering of enzymes for better thermostability is of great importance because it not only can broaden their industrial applications, but also facilitate(More)